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Citizens for Justice and Peace

Right to Health and Environment

Eliminating poverty could lead to significant decrease in tuberculosis cases: Study

According to a study published in Lancet Global Health, eliminating extreme poverty would result in an 84% decrease in tuberculosis cases by the year 2035, the Guardian reported. Nine policymakers and scientists conducted research regarding the prevalence of tuberculosis in 192 countries. They considered connections between those living on less than $1.90 per day and the extent to…

World carbon emissions reached record high in 2017: IEA

Preliminary estimates from the International Energy Agency (IEA) indicate that the world’s energy demand increased by 2.1% in 2017, more than double the rate of increase in 2016, Reuters reported. In 2016, energy demand increased by 0.9%. On average, it also rose by 0.9% in the previous five years. According to the IEA, strong economic growth fueled…

Abortion rates significantly decline, in wealthy nations

The Guttmacher Institute, a research and policy organisation on reproductive health, released a report that says abortion rates have fallen considerably around the world, but the decrease has been mainly in developed nations, the Guardian reported. Worldwide, abortion rates decreased from 46 per every 1,000 women of reproductive age to 27, between 1990 to 1994 and…

The world’s major forests could lose half their wildlife due to global warming: Study

According to a new study, the world’s greatest forests are at risk of losing more than half of their plant species unless more efforts are not made to combat climate change, the Guardian reported. The study, conducted by the WWF, the University of East Anglia, and the James Cook University, also found that animal species like…

Green Climate Fund authorises $1 billion for new initiatives

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) recently authorised little over $1 billion to be put towards 23 initiatives to aid developing nations in cutting emissions and adapt to climate change, the Thomson Reuters Foundation reported. The GCF is a global climate fund that has been established by the United Nations, and this is the most its…

Teen pregnancy rate in Latin America is “unacceptably high”: UN agencies

The Thomson Reuters Foundation reported that three United Nations agencies–the Pan American Health Organization, the UN children’s agency (UNICEF), and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA)–have said that there has not been enough progress in bringing down teenage pregnancy rates in Latin America and the Caribbean. The region has the second-highest rate worldwide. The report said there 66.5…

UN rights experts criticise Iran’s detention of environmentalists

After members of the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation (PWHF) were detained for alleged spying, United Nations human rights experts have said that they are “concerned that Iranian authorities now seem to be arresting and investigating peaceful scientific activists for their invaluable conservationist work.” They added, “It is hard to fathom how working to preserve the Iranian flora…

“We are failing the world’s poorest babies,” UNICEF head says

UNICEF has released a new report on newborn mortality, saying that newborn babies are still dying at high rates across the world, especially in the poorest countries. Worldwide, in low-income countries, the average mortality rate for newborns is 27 deaths for 1,000 births, compared to high-income countries that see 3 deaths for 1,000 births. Newborns in the world’s most…

Report: Canadians cut back on heating, food to pay for prescription drugs

A newly published report estimated that in 2017, 968,000 people in Canada reduced their expenses so that they could pay for prescription drugs, according to the Guardian. This included 730,000 who reduced food expenses and 238,000 who cut heating expenses. Although Canada has universal healthcare, Canada is still the world’s only developed country lacking a universal…

Many young women in Africa unaware they have HIV

A large-scale study across seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa has found that less than half of young women who have HIV know that they have been infected, according to the Guardian. The incidence of HIV among women aged 15-24 in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Uganda, Tanzania, Swaziland, Malawi, and Lesotho is about 3.6%, around 1.5 million young and…

No Public purpose behind Mining Operations: SC on Goa Mining Court castigates Goa govt. for pandering to corporate interests

In a judgement dated February 7, 2018 the Supreme Court cancelled all renewals of mining leases for iron ore extraction in the state of Goa and wiped the slate clean for a fresh beginning. The Apex Court of India delivered the judgement in SLA (civil) 32128 / 2015 (Goa Foundation vs SesaSterlite Ltd. & Ors,…

Ozone layer declining over densely populous regions

Although the ozone layer is recovering over Antarctica following Montreal Protocol that banned chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) that destroy ozone, newly published research indicates that it is declining over lower latitudes, the Guardian reported. The earth’s stratosphere ranges from 10km above ground to 50km. Ozone is gradually increasing in the upper stratosphere, heading towards levels that were observed…

Nearly four environmental defenders killed every week in 2017

The Guardian reported that the killing of those who defended their land or the environment “continued unabated in 2017,” with new data indicating that nearly four people were murdered every week across the world due to conflicts involving mining, plantations, poaching, and infrastructure projects. This figure has increased four times since the first time data was gathered…

Rwanda becomes first low-income nation to provide universal eye care

According to the Guardian, “Rwanda has become the first low-income country to provide universal eye care for its 12 million population.” Rwanda’s government has tied up with Vision For a Nation (VFAN) “to train more than 3,000 eye care nurses” in 502 local healthcare centres; they prescribe spectacles, and refer patients with serious eye conditions to…

Greenpeace: 550 million in India living in hazardous pollutant levels

According to a new Greenpeace India report, around 550 million people live in areas where annual PM10 levels exceeded national standards in 2016. PM10 is particulate matter with a diameter of ten microns or under, The Hindu reported. The report analysed air quality in 280 cities, and found that the majority of people living there–550…

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