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Citizens for Justice and Peace

Criminal Law Reform

Understanding the right to default bail It is an extension of Article 21: Right to Life and Personal Liberty

The Supreme Court of India has held that there is a fundamental right granted to an accused person to be released on bail once the conditions of the first proviso to Section 167(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure are fulfilled. Moreover, life and personal liberty of an individual must be paramount. The three-judge Bench…

What does it take to secure bail under UAPA? A look into how different courts deal with bail applications under UAPA and the rationale behind them

The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) is a national security legislation that gives unbridled powers to the government authorities to detain an individual basis vague and arbitrary grounds, for example “in the interest of national security”. The haphazard manner in which the charges under UAPA are being invoked has led to several persons being detained…

न्याय, सुधारक होना चाहिए, दण्ड देने वाला नहीं : तीस्ता सेतलवाड़ सीजेपी मौत की सज़ा का विरोध करता है

हम अपने सम्पूर्ण प्रयास और पूरे भरोसे के साथ इस बात पर अपनी प्रतिबद्धता ज़ाहिर करते हैं, कि न्याय, सुधार के लिए एक उपकरण है, प्रतिशोध के लिए नहीं. पिछले 15 वर्षों में, हमने 2002 के गुजरात जनसंहार से संबंधित विभिन्न मामलों का 68 से अधिक अदालतों में नेतृत्व किया है. इन मामले में हमने सफलतापूर्वक 168 लोगों…

Punjab Blasphemy Law Unconstitutional and Undemocratic Desecrating religious texts to carry same punishment as murder!

The Punjab Assembly has recently passed a bill for an addition to IPC clause 295 to give life imprisonment for any ‘injury, damage or sacrilege’ of four religious books, (Guru Granth Sahib, Koran, Bible and Geeta) ‘with the intention to hurt the religious feelings of the people’. This is the first time in independent India…

Malaysia to abolish death penalty, revoke sedition law

Malaysia will abolish the death penalty, the New York Times reported. The country’s minister of law, Liew Vui Keong, told reporters, “All death penalty will be abolished. Full stop”. Malaysia’s government is also set to revoke the Sedition Act, a law dating back to the colonial era that has previously been employed against critics and…

Justice should be Reformative, not Retributive: Teesta Setalvad CJP stands against the Death Penalty

This International Day against Death Penalty, we solemnly reaffirm our commitment towards ensuring justice remains a tool for reformation and not retribution. Over the past 15 years, we have spearheaded more than 68 court cases related to the Gujarat 2002 carnage. And though we have successfully secured the conviction of 168 people, not once have we demanded…

Freedom of ravan

A Legal History of NSA: Independent India’s version of the draconian Rowlatt Act UP govt imposing NSA on more Bhim Army Activists after Chandrashekhar Azad Ravan

The National Security Act (NSA) has several draconian provisions, many of which are being increasingly used to incarcerate human rights defenders across India. Here’s a brief history of how the NSA came into being and how it is being increasingly used against to target Dalit leaders and activists in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Soon after the…

Amir Rizvi

Witness Protection A Pre-requisite to a Healthy Criminal Justice System

That the Indian Criminal Justice System suffers from multiple sores, affecting the deliverance of justice has been acknowledged by all. While large numbers of pending cases and delays are the simplest manifestations of this malaise, broken down, case by case, trial by trial there are four areas that need citizens attention and campaigns for reform.…

Violence Against Mothers

How India Makes its Mothers Run From Pillar to Post

The year 2002 was particularly bad for two women. Asiya Begum’s son Khwaja Yunus was arrested after being accused of playing a role in the Ghatkopar blast case, where a bomb placed on a BEST bus exploded killing two and injuring 50 people. He was later allegedly killed in police custody. In neighbouring Gujarat, Rupa…

Najeeb, Rohith Vemula

भारत में माताओं पर पुलिसिया हिंसा और बर्बरता

ये कहानी उन भारतीय माँओं की है जो अपने बच्चों के लिए न्याय की लड़ाई लड़ रही हैं। वह महिलाएं जो कठिन सवाल पूछने की हिम्मत रखती हैं लेकिन उन्हें अपनी दृढ़ता का जवाब पुलिसिया हिंसा और बर्बरता के रूप में मिलता है। यह औरतें अटल, साहसी तथा सत्य की खोज में दृढ़ हैं। लेकिन इन सभी को अपने…

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