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Citizens for Justice and Peace

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To empower citizens with knowledge of the law, in both simplified and detailed formats, helps fights injustice in all forms.

CJP’s vast archive and resource base gives all Indians, regardless of caste, gender, class or community factsheets, ready reckoners and more elaborate judgement primers to understand how our judiciary and legislature, both, are furthering fundamental freedoms and rights.

Is the Right to Protest in India a protected Fundamental Right? By using prohibitory tools on its people, the Government is limiting democratic practices and irrevocably diluting Article 19

The seeds of protest were sown deep during our independence struggle, making protest an important and indelible chapter in India’s history. Today, our country is witnessing an extraordinary wave of protests- by farmers, minorities, students, activists against the current regime. It must be unequivocally emphasised that the Constitution of India gives its citizens the right…

High Court striking down Central law: Impact on Jurisprudence Ramifications of recent SC direction in petition challenging Epidemic Act

The Supreme Court recently refused to entertain a plea challenging validity of a central law questioning why the petitioner had not approached the High Court where the cause of action had arisen. The petitioner was challenging the Epidemic Diseases Act and the bench of Justices DY Chandrachud, Indu Malhotra and Indira Banerjee were hearing  the petition. Justice Chandrachud…

Where do we stand on free legal aid? On National Legal Services Day we examine what legal aid entails and who benefits from it

Providing access to justice for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels is one of India’s Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 as adopted during the United Nations General Assembly of 2015. A robust legal aid system is something that will contribute towards achieving this goal and will at the same time fulfil…

Understanding the right to default bail It is an extension of Article 21: Right to Life and Personal Liberty

The Supreme Court of India has held that there is a fundamental right granted to an accused person to be released on bail once the conditions of the first proviso to Section 167(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure are fulfilled. Moreover, life and personal liberty of an individual must be paramount. The three-judge Bench…

Financial losses cannot be offset on the weary shoulders of the labourer: SC Court quashes anti-worker notification by Gujarat government

On October 1, 2020 a three-Judge Supreme Court Bench comprising Justices Indu Malhotra, DY Chandrachud and KM Joseph, quashed a Gujarat government notification exempting factories from paying overtime wages to workers and providing ideal working conditions to them amid the Covid-19 lockdown, on grounds of public emergency in Gujarat Mazdoor Sabha & Anr. v. State…

मरने के बाद भी दलितों की गरिमा पर ऐसी चोट क्यों? शव के साथ दुर्व्यवहार के मामले में कानून पूरी तरह पीड़ित के पक्ष में है

मृतक दलितों के साथ भेदभाव बढ़ने की खबरें लगातार आ रही हैं. आखिर उनकी गरिमा और अधिकार के लिए कानून में क्या प्रावधान हैं. सीजेपी ने कानून के इन प्रावधानों की पड़ताल की है. सीजेपी का सवाल है, क्या दलित लड़की के शव के साथ किए दुर्व्यवहार के दोषी पुलिसकर्मियों को सजा मिलेगी? हाथरस में…

What does it take to secure bail under UAPA? A look into how different courts deal with bail applications under UAPA and the rationale behind them

The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) is a national security legislation that gives unbridled powers to the government authorities to detain an individual basis vague and arbitrary grounds, for example “in the interest of national security”. The haphazard manner in which the charges under UAPA are being invoked has led to several persons being detained…

A closer look at the new Criminal Law Reforms Committee Concerns raised about it being hasty and non-inclusive

The Ministry of Home Affairs has commissioned a Committee for Reforms in Criminal Laws in May, to “recommend reforms in the criminal laws of the country in a principled, effective, and efficient manner which ensures the safety and security of the individual, the community and the nation; and which prioritises the constitutional values of justice,…

The last leg of the DK Basu judgement: An Analysis A look at the 2015 judgment; what it did for the initial parametres set by the 1996 judgment

Case title: D.K.Basu vs. State of West Bengal Case No.: Crl.M.P. No.15492 of 2014 Date of judgement: July 24, 2015 Coram: Justices TS Thakur and R Bhanumati   This judgment was the last of the orders under the continuing mandamus of the Supreme Court in the monumental DK Basu case. The case has gone down…

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