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Citizens for Justice and Peace

Legal resources

To empower citizens with knowledge of the law, in both simplified and detailed formats, helps fights injustice in all forms.

CJP’s vast archive and resource base gives all Indians, regardless of caste, gender, class or community factsheets, ready reckoners and more elaborate judgement primers to understand how our judiciary and legislature, both, are furthering fundamental freedoms and rights.

New MHA order setback for citizens’ rights in Assam? Order grants multiple officials right to make FT reference, FTs get unspecified powers

On May 30, 2019, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issued an ‘Extraordinary Order’ via a Gazette which in effect appears not only grant powers to multiple authorities to make a reference to Foreigners’ Tribunals (FT), but also grants rather nebulous powers to FTs themselves.  FTs are quasi-judicial authorities that decide upon the question of…

How Do We Ensure Hate Free Elections? Here are a few related provisions of the law

There is a very real fear that the 2019 General Elections will involve much campaigning contrary to the provisions of law. Broadly speaking there is a very real possibility of the elections being influenced by appeals on the grounds of religion, caste or community. It is proposed to be prepared for this very likely contingency…

Plight of Women in Indian Prisons A compilation of facts and figures by CJP

Various studies done within Indian prisons have concluded that a majority of prisoners are Adivasis, Dalits or from other marginalised communities that are being criminalised. Their social and economic situation makes them vulnerable, being unable to defend themselves legally and financially. This compilation aims to highlight the general issues related to Women Prisoners, the Structural Exclusions within the Prison,…

Supreme Court changes course on Adivasi rights SC order flies in the face of established jurisprudence

Whereas previously SC affirmed indigenous people’s inalienable rights to their land, in 2019, under the Modi Regime, it now orders their unilateral eviction. The SC has turned established constitutional jurisprudence on its head. There are three significant SC judgments on the indigenous Adivasi people’s rights over their land and natural resources: 1.  In 2011, the…

Crony capitalism imperils millions of India’s indigenous people SC order directs eviction of Adivasis and other forest dwellers across several states

A Supreme Court bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra has ordered eviction of Adivasis and other forest dwelling communities from the ‘forest’ regions whose claims for entitlement have been rejected by the Forest department.  The written copy of the order was made available on February 20, 2019. The court order says, “The Chief Secretary shall ensure…

Gujarat Genocide: Mystery of the ‘Clean Chit’ How powerful perpetrators and their minions launched a propaganda campaign to distort facts

The Special Investigation Team (SIT) set up by the Supreme Court to investigate Gujarat 2002 violence related cases has not given a ‘Clean Chit’ to then Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi. In both reports, first filed in May 2010 before the Supreme Court (that includes Chairman RK Raghavan’s Comments separately) and the Closure report filed…

SC offers Relief to Assam Detention Camp Inmates

Where hope fades and time stands still: Assam’s Detention Camps A Purgatory more horrifying than Hell

Purgatory is a place where souls go to atone for their sins before being admitted into heaven. Assam’s Detention Camps are the dark, dank and dreary modern day purgatory like limbo lands, where those who are Declared Foreigner (DF) by Foreigners’ Tribunals (FT) are condemned to spend their time till they are able to either secure bail…

Sexual Harassment in the Media Report details facts, costs, and guides for employers and employees

With the #MeToo movement gaining momentum in India, numerous women in the media industry have publicly revealed incidents of sexual harassment and assault. Unfortunately, per a 2018 report on sexual harassment in the media from the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA) and Women in News (WIN), “sexual harassment in the news media…

Ready reckoner to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 Understand what is "unlawful" and what constitutes a "terrorist act"

Here are provisions under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 that deal with defining terrorists and terrorist activity as well as punishments prescribed for such acts. What constitutes a terrorist act (Sec. 15): Whoever, with intent to threaten the unity, integrity, security or sovereignty of India or to strike terror in the people or any…

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