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Citizens for Justice and Peace

Legal resources

To empower citizens with knowledge of the law, in both simplified and detailed formats, helps fights injustice in all forms.

CJP’s vast archive and resource base gives all Indians, regardless of caste, gender, class or community factsheets, ready reckoners and more elaborate judgement primers to understand how our judiciary and legislature, both, are furthering fundamental freedoms and rights.

Gujarat Riots

Homeless in their Backyard in Gujarat A study about the Internally Displaced Persons of 2002

The 2002 communal riots not only drove Muslims into new ghettos all over the state, they also reduced them to the status of second-class citizens who do not seem to exist for the government. This is the finding of a city-based NGO, Janvikas, which conducted a survey on the status of the minority community in the state after the…

What does it mean to be a Hindu? How the Supreme Court of India has defined Hindus

The term “Hindu” has been defined in the Constitution under Article 25(2)(b) Explanation II as “Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly” and the various codified Hindu Laws such as The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (HMA),…

Amir Rizvi

Witness Protection A Pre-requisite to a Healthy Criminal Justice System

That the Indian Criminal Justice System suffers from multiple sores, affecting the deliverance of justice has been acknowledged by all. While large numbers of pending cases and delays are the simplest manifestations of this malaise, broken down, case by case, trial by trial there are four areas that need citizens attention and campaigns for reform.…

Amir Rizvi

Victimology A necessary advancement in Human Rights jurisprudence

Victimology is a science which establishes a relationship between a victim and violators of law. It also deals with the rights of the victims in any criminal trial or proceedings and also with the rights of the accused. The concept of victimology emerged in the 20th century during the closing of the World War II,…

Torture

Ratify Convention Against Torture, Enact Prevention of Torture Bill, 2017: Law Commission

In a major victory for the human rights movement in the country, the Law Commission of India (headed by justice BS Chauhan) has recommended that the Indian government ratify the Convention Against Torture for ratification enact a Prevention of Torture Law. In its 273rd report submitted to the Law and Justice Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad…

Land Acquisition Act Legislative Brief and Factsheet

Land Laws Under BJP Regimes In 2014 itself, months after assuming power, the Modi regime tried to test the political waters by bringing in a Land Acquisition Ordinance to  overturn a 2013 Law that had, itself re-visted colonial legislation that empowered the forest official and timber mafia to exploit forest dwellers and tribals. United Opposition…

Amir Rizvi

The Supreme Court, Second and Third Generation Rights Adjudication: Some Ruminations

Many Constitutional Theorists in the Anglo-American World would find Chief Justice Khehar and Justice Nazeer’s dissent in the Shayara Bano Case (which they grounded in ‘Principles of Separation of Powers’ and the ‘Political Question Doctrine’) as the way to proceed in cases underlying policy questions. In fact, their preferred remedy of injuncting the practice of Talaq-E-Biddat (commonly known as Triple…

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