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Citizens for Justice and Peace

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To empower citizens with knowledge of the law, in both simplified and detailed formats, helps fights injustice in all forms.

CJP’s vast archive and resource base gives all Indians, regardless of caste, gender, class or community factsheets, ready reckoners and more elaborate judgement primers to understand how our judiciary and legislature, both, are furthering fundamental freedoms and rights.

Creative understanding of UAPA grants freedom from jail for activists: Delhi HC Judgments of in Natasha Narwal, Devangana Kalita and Asif Iqbal Tanha’s case come as a whiff of fresh air

Over the past few years, Indian civil society has been badly hit by use of laws such as Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA), sedition, FCRA, NSA, AFSPA* and various other similar laws. UAPA is possibly the most extreme due to its stigmatising effect and the Himalayan problem of getting bail, used wantonly in a large…

House Arrest: A window of opportunity A factsheet on is history, relevance and use, especially when it comes to political prisoners

House arrest which is also known as home detention, refers to home confinement or electronic monitoring. It is one of the official methods to restrain the movement of an individual by confining the movement of the person to the residence.     Related: Sign CJP’s petition to release political prisoners A prison without bars or…

What are the Rights against being handcuffed in India? Iron fetters and handcuffs violate human rights

For a lay person the visual of a person getting arrested or being escorted to court, includes him being restrained by handcuffs. That is how arrests were and are portrayed in movies and pop culture for decades. However, the use of handcuffs, while once a common practice, has now been restricted by directives of the…

Factsheet on the Rights of the Dead in India A closer look in wake of Covid related complications in conducting funerals

CJP re-visits the sensitive subject of the rights of the deceased in our country, given how people are struggling to provide dignified cremations or burials to their loved ones amidst the Covid-19 pandemic.     *Feature image by Vijat Pandey for SabrangIndia Related: Rights of the Dead: Do they have any in India Uttar Pradesh:…

Right to Health: The forgotten Constitutional mandate What is expected of the government, and how this mandate has been repeatedly violated

The second surge or wave of the Covid-19 crisis has been described in turn as a storm or even a tsunami. If the international news media is replete with accounts of the failure of governance by the Centre, regional news outlets have been graphically reporting the fallout of the devastation and tragedy on the ground,…

Gujarat’s PASA Act: A long running saga of misuse and abuse The law can detain “cruel” and “dangerous” people for up to one year

The Gujarat High Court in a recent order has pointed to the rampant misuse of the Prevention of Anti-social Activities (PASA) Act in the state. In September 2020, the Gujarat Assembly passed an amendment to the Act expanding its scope, amidst stiff opposition from the other parties. This widened the scope of abuse/misuse. With the 2020…

Foreigners’ Tribunals: Why were they established and how do they operate? A ready reckoner to empower you with correct information and help you spot procedural violations

Recently Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP)’s Assam team discovered that a number of Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) notices had been pasted on electricity poles in Bongaigaon in Assam. This is a clear violation of set law and procedure. In order to spot violations, one must first understand exactly how FTs are supposed to operate. Here,…

Pasting FT notices on electricity poles a violation of set law, procedure Assam Border Police’s actions are in contravention of provisions of FT Order 1964

Recently the Assam team of Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP) had discovered many notices by Foreigners’ Tribunals (FT) pasted on electricity poles in Bongaigaon in Assam. This is a clear violation of procedure laid down explicitly by the Foreigners (Tribunal) Order of 1964. As per point 3 of this order that deals with Procedure for…

Indian courts and Medical Bail NIA court denied Father Stan medical bail on March 22

The Special NIA court rejected Father Stan Swamy’s bail plea on grounds that “he was not only the member of banned organisation CPI (Maoist) but was also carrying out activities to further the objective of the organisation which is nothing but to overthrow the democracy of the nation.” The NIA had initially sought 20 days…

Personal Laws vis-à-vis Fundamental Rights, Part III of the Constitution Analysing State of Bombay v. Narasu Appa Mali, 1951

In India, personal laws deal with marriage and divorce, maintenance, guardianship and succession, joint family and partition etc. These are broadly be characterised as ‘family laws’. While India is a secular country otherwise; in the context of its personal laws, it is essentially pluralistic. Thus, while the Indian Constitution guarantees equality before the law, and…

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