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To empower citizens with knowledge of the law, in both simplified and detailed formats, helps fights injustice in all forms.

CJP’s vast archive and resource base gives all Indians, regardless of caste, gender, class or community factsheets, ready reckoners and more elaborate judgement primers to understand how our judiciary and legislature, both, are furthering fundamental freedoms and rights.

Law Court Gavel

India’s Contempt of Court Law Understanding how it works

The hyper nationalism of Indian society is a façade to blind different views and mute different voices. It is now becoming strikingly important for one to pledge allegiance to the motherland and its institutions to be granted his/her rights. The construction of the words “enemy”, “threat” , “terror” are all employed to destroy people who…

Curbing Freedom of Faith: India’s Anti-Conversion laws A Factsheet showcasing laws enacted by different states to curb conversions

The Indian Constitution grants every citizen the freedom ‘to practice and propagate his/her faith.’ (Article 25) Yet several states, currently ruled by the supremacist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have in place laws enacted to ostensibly stop ‘forcible conversions.’ This when conversion, by extension of Article 25 remains a fundamental right, at least on paper. Arguably,…

Tabular Critique of the Transgender Bill 2016 Community Resources

This table compares the provisions in the Transgender Persons [Protection of Rights] Bill 2016 that will reportedly be tabled in the winter session of the Indian Parliament against the criticisms made by trans*, gender variant, and intersex groups, and the demands for revisions required to protect our rights. This was originally published on Sampoorna India Blog PROVISION…

Amir Rizvi

The Elephant in the Room Caste in Law Schools

This article, published in Sabrang India is being reproduced here today, the day Justice Karnan has been released after serving a six month jail term in Kolkata. The Supreme Court first delivered the judgement dishing our serious contempt of court charges against a fellow judge in May 2017. This judgement may be read here. Before that,…

When the Supreme Court Firmly De-linked Religion from Politics A Fact Sheet To Explain the Significance of the SR Bommai vs Union of India Case

The SR Bommai vs Union of India, March 1994 judgement heralded for its endorsement of Indian federalism, is also a sharp and biting commentary on inroads of religion into politics and safeguards Indian secularism. Bommai‘s promise of fair federal play, the judgment’s mandate for secularism, and for action against parties and State governments violating the constitutional…

Understanding the Aadhaar Case Some reports from the 2017 proceedings in the Supreme Court

After hearing the contentious Aadhaar case on December 14, 2017, a five member Constitution Bench has extended the hearings to January 11, 2018. The final hearings in the matter will commence then. Aadhaar-Linking Of Bank Accounts, Mobiles Phones Extended To March 31. But following the re-iteration in the Order passed yesterday, no Institutions (Centre/State/Private) can force…

justice in the Naroda Patiya Massacre

The 2004 Best Bakery Judgement and Its Significance Zahira Habibullah Sheikh v/s State of Gujarat, Delivered by the Supreme Court of India, April 12, 2004

Out of the miseries of the Gujarat carnage of 2002, thanks to the courage of the survivors and the tenacious work of the CJP core legal team, has emerged path-breaking jurisprudence on state accountability, victimology and witness protection. Thirteen years after the Supreme Court (SC) delivered the famed Best Bakery verdict, this judgement remains among…

Homeless in their Backyard in Gujarat A study about the Internally Displaced Persons of 2002

The 2002 communal riots not only drove Muslims into new ghettos all over the state, they also reduced them to the status of second-class citizens who do not seem to exist for the government. This is the finding of a city-based NGO, Janvikas, which conducted a survey on the status of the minority community in the state after the…

What does it mean to be a Hindu? How the Supreme Court of India has defined Hindus

The term “Hindu” has been defined in the Constitution under Article 25(2)(b) Explanation II as “Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly” and the various codified Hindu Laws such as The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (HMA),…

Amir Rizvi

Witness Protection A Pre-requisite to a Healthy Criminal Justice System

That the Indian Criminal Justice System suffers from multiple sores, affecting the deliverance of justice has been acknowledged by all. While large numbers of pending cases and delays are the simplest manifestations of this malaise, broken down, case by case, trial by trial there are four areas that need citizens attention and campaigns for reform.…

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