ASSAM

Widespread suspicion about who is and isn't a citizen, heightened by the exclusion of over 19 lakh people from the National Register of Citizens 2019, is fueling a humanitarian crisis in Assam.

CJP helps Detention Camp victim’s son resume education

Biki Dey, the son of Subrata Dey who passed away under mysterious circumstances in the Goalpara detention camp last year, had to discontinue his education due to the financial misfortune that befell the family after Subrata’s death. But now, with a little help from our allies the Bharatiya Nagorik Adhikar Suraksha Manch, we at CJP…...Read More

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असम के साथ एकजुटता बैठक

असम का मानवीय संकट पूरे भारत में फैलने के लिए तैयार है। सत्ताधारी पार्टी लगातार धमकी दे रही है कि NRC को देशभर में लागू किया जाएगा। इसके जरिए सत्ताधारियों के मंसूबे भी साफ हो रहे हैं कि वे क्या करना चाहते हैं। इस आसन्न तबाही के प्रभावों को पहचानते हुए सिटीजंस फॉर जस्टिस एंड…...Read More

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Citizenship in Assam:
A game of chance, of snakes and ladders


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NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951. The NRC update of 2014-2016 across Assam includes the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam on or before 24 March 1971.

The NRC (1951) and the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 together are collectively called Legacy data. It is being done with the compliance with section 3 and 6A of Citizenship Act of 1955; the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003 (amended in year 2009); Modalities and Standard Operating Procedure and Judgement Order of Supreme Court. Entire process is being monitored by Supreme Court.

Supreme Court in its order dated 25/10/2013 held the presence of D-Voters in the state doubtful and mentioned that these voters could be included only if the NRC is updated or the Foreigner's Tribunal declare them to be Indian Citizens.



Citizenship in Assam

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CJP Reaches Out

CJP reaches out to the people of Assam who are negotiating a labyrinth of citizenship related issues. After the publication of the NRC over 500 CJP volunteers spread over 19 districts are going from village to village conducting workshops to spread awareness about how to go about defending their citizenship in Foreigners' Tribunals. CJP is also training paralegals to help people during these hearings before Foreigners' Tribunals.

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Assam Map

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Family left out of NRC even after submitting claims form: CJP intervenes

Two months after the final draft of the NRC (National register of Citizens) was released and 19,06,657 people of Assam were excluded from the list, the authorities are handing out certified copies of “Reasons of Rejection” in some districts in Assam to people who were excluded from the final draft. These certified copies include the…

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CJP helps Detention Camp victim’s son resume education

Biki Dey, the son of Subrata Dey who passed away under mysterious circumstances in the Goalpara detention camp last year, had to discontinue his education due to the financial misfortune that befell the family after Subrata’s death. But now, with a little help from our allies the Bharatiya Nagorik Adhikar Suraksha Manch, we at CJP…

Bengali Hindu couple falsely accused of using fake legacy person

52 year old Gopal Das went into a shock after the publication of the final draft of the NRC in July 2018. His entire family had been left out of the list despite having all documents. But CJP stood by the family and now their names have been included in the final NRC. Gopal Das…

Poverty haunts family of Subrata Dey

On May 26, 2018, Subrata Dey, a Bengali Hindu, was found dead under mysterious circumstances in the Goalpara detention camp. Dey was the only earning member, and his family at the time depended on his income from his modest tea shop. Now, a year later, his son has been forced to drop out of school,…

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NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951 to maintain a record of citizens. The Assam Agitation held between 1979- 1985 demanded the expulsion of 'foreigners' from Assam. This led to the updating of the NRC. 3.2 crore people submitted over 68 lakh documents and just over 19 lakh people were left out of the final NRC published on August 31, 2019.

Keep a track of the NRC numbers

33027661
+ Number of Applicants
31121004
+ In the NRC
1906657
+ Citizenship in question

EXCLUSIVE: India’s former President’s kin left out of NRC in Assam

Members of India’s fifth President FA Ahmed have been left out of the National Register of Citizens (NRC). Now questions are being raised about the insensate practices followed by the NRC authorities during the update process that failed to consider natural calamities like floods that affect Legacy...Read More

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Family left out of NRC even after submitting claims form: CJP intervenes

Two months after the final draft of the NRC (National register of Citizens) was released and 19,06,657 people of Assam were excluded from the list, the authorities are handing out certified copies of “Reasons of Rejection” in some districts in Assam to people who were excluded from the final draft. These certified copies include the…

Teesta Setalvad empowers citizens and questions modalities with regards to NRC

The implementation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam has sounded a death knell for many across the state. Now, the government of India is planning to extend this exercise across the country, with no set procedures in place, unlike Assam, citizens groups across the country are turning to CJP to understand the…

Lives shattered by NRC, CJP reaches out and intervenes

Indian Citizens in Assam are shattered by the NRC process. In spite of having valid documents, Gopal Das and his entire family were excluded from the NRC. Anima Dey lost her son Subrata Dey mysteriously in a detention camp. After that, her family has been living hand to mouth by selling cloth bags. Her teenaged…

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Foreigner Tribunals

Foreigners Tribunals are the quasi- judicial bodies responsible for hearing cases with respect to foreigners/non-citizens/D-voters under the Foreigners Act, 1946. There are three ways in which people end up before a Foreigners' Tribunal; the Election Commission marks them Doubtful Voter (D-Voter), the Border Police designates them Suspected Foreigner and refers them to a Foreigners' Tribunal, and now after being excluded from the NRC people are required to defend their Indian citizenship before a Foreigners' Tribunal.

Assam man forced to prove Indian citizenship four times!

Even as Assam gets ready for a draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) that will be released on July 30, 2018, many people, whose cases are still pending before Foreigners’ Tribunals or the Gauhati High Court, will have to wait to have their names cleared before they can be added in the NRC. But as we discovered....Read More

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EXCLUSIVE! Assam FT declares 282 people foreigner: Signed orders MISSING or full of errors

In a shocking instance of negligence and possible abuse of power, 282 people were declared foreigner by a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) in Assam without any record of due process, reasoning or even a signed order! When the Gauhati High Court took suo motu cognizance of the matter, and ordered an inquiry, it was revealed that…

More than 200 new FT members appointed in Assam

The government of Assam has appointed 221 new Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) members to hear appeals of over 19 lakh people who have been left out of the final National Register of Citizens (NRC). The list of names of new appointees and the FT to which they have been assigned was released on Monday via a…

The Notorious Foreigners’ Tribunals of Assam

Assam’s dreaded Foreigners’ Tribunals (FTs) are back in focus after the Ministry of Home Affairs told the Parliament that over 1 million people have been declared foreigners in Assam by FTs so far! But what exactly are FTs and what do these tribunals do? Watch this video to find out.     Related: CJP in…

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CJP's Toll Free Number

Until recently, CJP operated a toll free number in four different languages; Assamese, Bengali, English and Hindi, to counsel people across Assam. We received over 12000 calls from distressed people. After publication of the final NRC, the number has been discontinued.

1800 1020 138

Archive: District-wise Exclusion Data

CJP had accessed exclusive district-wise data of people left out of final draft NRC published on July 30, 2018

Declared Foreigner

A Declared Foreigner is a person who has failed to prove his citizenship before a Foreigners’ Tribunal. Names of suspected foreigners and D Voters are referred to FTs who then conduct a trial where the proceedee is required to not only produce documents to prove their citizenship, but also prove the authenticity of the documents. If they fail, the FT designates them Declared Foreigner (DF).

I’m not a smart man, but I know what prison is: Anjaan Musafir

In this edition of our series on how the idea of Indian citizenship is being made and unmade in Assam as the National Register of Citizens is being updated, we bring you the story of Anjaan Musafir*. He is a man who could be India’s answer to DB Cooper, given how he has successfully evaded authorities by...Read More

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I live on the streets and sleep under the stars: Anjaan Musafir 2.0

Last year, we brought you the story of Anjaan Musafir, a daily wage labourer from Guwahati who has been on the run for over 20 years after being served a D Voter notice. During our visit to Assam in June 2019, we met yet another man who fled his home fearing incarceration in one of Assam’s infamous…

असम के डिटेंशन कैंप में क़ैद 70 वर्ष की महिला शायद रिहाई तक जीवित न रह सके

जून 2019, CJP वरिष्ठ वकीलों और पत्रकारों के एक प्रतिनिधिमंडल के साथ असम में ज़मीनी हालात का जायज़ा लेने पहुंची। चिरांग जिले के बिजनी गाँव में, हमारी मुलाकात बिस्वनाथ दास से हुई, जिसकी 70 वर्षीय माँ, पारबती, कोकराझार के डिटेंशन कैंप में 2 साल 8 महीने से क़ैद हैं। हमने बिस्वनाथ को बताया कि सुप्रीम कोर्ट…

असम में FT ने 63959 लोगों की गैरमौजूदगी में उन्हें विदेशी घोषित किया

लोकसभा के समक्ष एक चौंका देने वाला खुलासे में गृह मंत्रालय ने यह स्वीकार किया है कि FT की सुनवाई में शामिल हुए बिना ही लगभग साठ हजार से अधिक लोगों को विदेशी घोषित किया गया है। गृह मंत्रालय ने काँग्रेस नेता शशि थरूर के छह सवालों का जवाब देते हुए यह बात कही। गृह मंत्रालय में राज्य…

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Detention Camps

Detention Camps are places where the Assamese who are Declared Foreigners are kept till they are deported. Currently 951 DFs are lodged in 6 detention centers operating out of makeshift facilities in local jails in Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Dhibrugarh, Tezpur, Silchar and Jorhat. These detainees do not possess the same rights as the convicted/charged inmates and aren’t allowed to parole, family visits, and working for a wage. Meanwhile, the government has sanctioned over Rs 40 crores to set up a Detention Camp at Dhakurbhita in Goalpara.

Poverty haunts family of Subrata Dey

On May 26, 2018, Subrata Dey, a Bengali Hindu, was found dead under mysterious circumstances in the Goalpara detention camp. Dey was the only earning member, and his family at the time depended on his income from his modest tea shop. Now, a year later, his son has been forced to drop out of school,…...Read More

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CJP answers a widow’s wail in Assam

In a shocking case of mistaken identity, Khatimun Nessa, an elderly widow, was declared foreigner and sent to the Tezpur detention camp. In a double blow to the family, her son Idris Ali was also declared foreigner and incarcerated because of this mistake. So far, both mother and son, have spent three years two months…

Behind Shadows

Assam’s Detention Camps are the dark, dank and dreary modern day purgatory like limbo lands, where those who are Declared Foreigner (DF) by Foreigners’ Tribunals (FT) are condemned to spend their time till they are able to either secure bail or have the FT judgment overturned by a higher court. However, given how most inmates…

No detention for those left out of NRC till declared foreigner by FT

Determined to stem the panic being generated at the grassroots with the possibility of the exclusions of hundreds of thousands of persons from the NRC final list, post August 31, the state government has issued notice on August 27 through the additional chief secretary Kumar Sanjay Krishna (IAS) categorically stating that “Persons left out of…

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History

The genesis of the NRC is linked to the movement against ‘illegal immigrants’ , ostensibly from Bangladesh. This movement has in turn sparked off violence against these ‘illegal immigrants’. But what is the history of borders between Assam and Bangladesh ? What is the source of this disconent? Watch our maps to see how ‘Assam’ changed over the years.

Assam in Historical Maps

Assam was ruled by various dynasties during the medieval period - the Pala, Koch, Kachari, and Chutiya. The Ahom kingdom established in the 13th century at the upper Assam plain gradually took control over the entire region. Although there was continuous warfare, the kingdom ruled for over 600 years until the 19th century.

The present day Bangladesh and Assam were part of the British India till 1947. Until the idea of border came in, people have moved across this region freely. The British promoted the migration from the Bengal region to Assam for labour in the tea gardens and later for cultivation in the Brahmaputra valley.

  • Bengal Presidency (1826):Assam was included as a part of the Bengal Presidency

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1874): Assam was separated from Bengal Presidency to for a new province. The Sylhet region of East Bengal is added to the Assam region.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1905): Bengal was partitioned and the East Bengal region was added to the existing Chief Commissioner's Province.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1911): Facing the backlash, the British revoke the the Bengal partition. Sylhet remains with Assam

  • Assam (1947): Assam post Independence. Sylhet joins Bangladesh. Present day Arunachal Pradesh is added to Assam in 1937

D Voter

D voters are people whose position as voters is doubtful owing to lack of their ability to produce proper citizenship credentials. The Election Commission started classifying citizens as D voter in 1997. The Border Police would refer suspected foreigners to Foreigners’ Tribunals following which there would be a trial where they would be required to prove that they are genuine citizens. So far 2,44,144 people had been marked as D Voters till December 31, 2017. 1,31,034 cases had been disposed off and 1,13,110 cases were still pending.

ASSAM ARCHIVE ON CITIZENSHIP

भला एक 8 साल का बच्चा ‘संदिग्ध वोटर’ कैसे हो सकता है ?

Tमोनुवर हुसैन, एक 8 साल का मेधावी छात्र है जो अभी दूसरी कक्षा में है और पढ़ना-लिखना, गिनती करना, यहाँ तक की सरल जोड़ना घटाना भी जानता है. मगर ऐसा प्रतीत हो रहा है कि असम का राज्य तंत्र मोनुवर को ‘विभाजन’ सिखाने में तुला हुआ है. जुलाई 2018 में मोनुवर का नाम डी-वोटर यानी ‘संदिग्ध वोटरों’ की सूची में पाया गया! जबकि अगले दस साल तक...Read More

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Another Bengali Hindu dies in an Assam Detention Camp

70 year old Amrit Das became the latest example of what some people in Assam are beginning to call a 3D death. He was first pronounced a D-Voter. Then a Foreigners’ Tribunal ruled that he was a Declared Foreigner and finally he died in a Detention Camp. This is the 43rd such death in the state.   A resident…

Yet another Mysterious Death in Assam Detention Camp

Jobbar Ali, a 61 year old man who had been languishing behind bars at the Detention Camp in Tezpur, was found dead on October 5. Now, his family, many of whom are themselves fighting allegations of being doubtful or D-Voters, suspect foul play in his death.   Ali lived with his wife Simon Nessa, two…

चाय वाले की माँ

आज देश भर के अखबार अक्सर एक चाय वाले के बारे में खबरें छापते हैं. कभी कभी उसी चाय वाले की वृद्ध माँ की भी तसवीरें छपतीं हैं. असम प्रदेश अपने चाय के बागानों के लिए विश्वप्रसिद्ध है. आज चलिए आपका परिचय करवाते हैं असम के एक चाय वाले की माँ से… एक ऐसी माँ…

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Judiciary on Assam

The Supreme Court is monitoring the NRC update process through the Registrar General of India. Over a period of time, the SC and Gauhati High Court have issued many orders on the NRC and citizenship issues. We present here a primer on how the judiciary has looked at the issue of citizenship and NRCs

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SC directs NRC authorities to ensure fair Claims and Objections hearings

Offering some relief to lakhs of people who have filed applications and are attending hearings as a part of the Claims and Objections process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the Supreme Court has directed the NRC authority to ensure that the people receive a fair hearing. On May 30, a bench led by…

SC offers Relief to Assam Detention Camp Inmates

In a huge relief for inmates of Assam’s infamous detention camps, the Supreme Court has directed that those who have spent more than three years in captivity be set free subject to certain conditions. This was during the course of hearing a petition on the state of detention camps in Assam. The SC has laid…

Gauhati HC Upholds NRC Coordinator’s order on siblings and family members of Declared Foreigners

Point of Discussion: The petition has been raised by an aggrieved brother of a Declared Foreigner and seeks to establish the unconstitutionality of such a notification in the light of S.2(3) and S.3(2) of the Schedule to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. Conclusion: The High Court upheld…

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Documents & Judgments

Browse through all NRC related documents here