ASSAM

Widespread suspicion about who is and isn't a citizen, heightened by the exclusion of over 4 million people from the National Register of Citizens 2018, is fueling a humanitarian crisis in Assam.

CJP moves SC to defend genuine Citizenship of people in Assam

Even as the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is all set to be published by August 31, 2019, there are several concerns about people who have been left out of the coveted list. Now, CJP, determined to make sure that no genuine Indian citizen suffers, has moved Supreme Court asking for it to take a…...Read More

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Assam Detention Camps: 70 year old woman might not live long enough to be released

In June 2019, CJP led a delegation of eminent lawyers and journalists to Assam to take stock of ground realities. During our visit to Bijni in Chirang district we met Biswanath Das whose 70 year old mother Parbati has been languishing in the Kokrajhar Detention Camp for over 2 years and 8 months. We informed…...Read More

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Citizenship in Assam:
A game of chance, of snakes and ladders


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NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951. The NRC update of 2014-2016 across Assam includes the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam on or before 24 March 1971.

The NRC (1951) and the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 together are collectively called Legacy data. It is being done with the compliance with section 3 and 6A of Citizenship Act of 1955; the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003 (amended in year 2009); Modalities and Standard Operating Procedure and Judgement Order of Supreme Court. Entire process is being monitored by Supreme Court.

Supreme Court in its order dated 25/10/2013 held the presence of D-Voters in the state doubtful and mentioned that these voters could be included only if the NRC is updated or the Foreigner's Tribunal declare them to be Indian Citizens.



Citizenship in Assam

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CJP Reaches Out

CJP reaches out to the people of Assam who are negotiating a labyrinth of citizenship related issues. Scores of our special volunteer motivators have spread out across many of Assam's districts and are helping people on ground with the claims and objections process. Additionally, we have also set up a round the clock toll free number to help people fill up the claim forms.

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Assam Map

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CJP in Action: Additional Exclusion list released, our team swings into action in Assam

June 26 brought more bad news for the people of Assam, when an Additional Exclusion list was released as per which 1,02,462 more people will be excluded from the NRC. This is in addition to the 40, 07,707 who had been excluded from the draft NRC published on July 30, 2018. This has caused widespread…

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सिटिज़न्स फॉर असम : उम्मीद और इंसाफ़ की तलाश में

नेशनल रजिस्टर ऑफ़ सिटिज़न्स (NRC) प्राधिकरण ने 26 जून को एक लाख से अधिक उन लोगों की सूची ज़ारी की, जिन्हें NRC से अपवर्जित किया गया है। जिसके अगले ही दिन, CJP वरिष्ठ वकीलों और पत्रकारों के एक प्रतिनिधिमंडल के साथ असम में ज़मीनी हालात का जायज़ा लेने पहुंची। साथ ही, CJP ने भारतीय मूल के नागरिकों की मदद करने के लिए रणनीति…

Citizens for Assam: A Quest for Hope and Justice

On June 26, the National Register of Citizens (NRC) authority released an additional list of over one lakh names of people excluded from the NRC. The following day CJP took a delegation of senior lawyers and journalists to Assam to assess ground realities as well as devise a strategy to help genuine Indian citizens, especially…

CJP इन एक्शन – प्रभावित परिवारों को सुनवाई के दौरान मिला सहारा

CJP कम्युनिटी वालंटियर्स (CVs) और डिस्ट्रिक्ट वॉलंटियर मोटिवेटर (DVM) असम में NRC की अंतिम सूची जारी होने से पहले प्रक्रिया के अंतिम चरण के दौरान लोगों को दावे और आपत्तियों की सुनवाई के लिए दिन-रात मदद कर रहे हैं।   सुप्रीम कोर्ट के निर्देश के अनुसार सुनवाई 6 मई को शुरू हुई, NRC की अंतिम सूची 31 जुलाई से पहले ही प्रकाशित होनी है। समय…

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CJP LAUNCHES ITS NRC TOLL FREE NUMBER IN ASSAM

NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951 to maintain a record of citizens. The Assam Agitation held between 1979- 1985 demanded the expulsion of 'foreigners' from Assam. This led to the updating of the NRC. The NRC process is meant to officially include the issue of illegal immigrants, specifically from Bangladesh. The recent draft of the NRC left out 4 million people out of the total 32 million plus applicants.

Keep a track of the NRC numbers

32991384
+ Number of Applicants
28983677
+ In the NRC
4007707
+ Citizenship in question

Note: A Claims and Objections process beginning August 7 will lead to updates to the list

EXCLUSIVE figures of NRC exclusions (district wise)

CJP has EXCLUSIVE data of district wise NRC exclusions

EXCLUSIVE: India’s former President’s kin left out of NRC in Assam

Members of India’s fifth President FA Ahmed have been left out of the National Register of Citizens (NRC). Now questions are being raised about the insensate practices followed by the NRC authorities during the update process that failed to consider natural calamities like floods that affect Legacy...Read More

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Watch: Re-verification notices spark panic in Assam, SC order violated?

Thousands of re-verification notices have been served in lower Assam summoning people for hearings, virtually overnight, in places as much as 600 kilometers away. Apart from being in clear violation of the July 23, 2019 order of the Supreme Court that turned down the state and center’s demand for such re-verification, poor access to transportation…

SC rejects government’s appeal for re-verification, extends NRC deadline

The Supreme Court has extended the deadline for publication of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam to August 31, 2019. It has however turned down the appeals for re-verification of names in border areas. Previously, the court had directed the NRC authorities to publish the list by July 31, 2019, but NRC state coordinator…

Assam: Suicide fearing loss of Citizenship

In the last few years, the Kafkaesque process of determining citizenship has created unprecedented stress and apprehension in millions of people in Assam. From the state election commission marking D-voter arbitrarily, to possible incarceration in Detention Camps, non transparent working of Foreigner Tribunals and political and bureaucratic meddling in the NRC process, the crisis of…

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History

The genesis of the NRC is linked to the movement against ‘illegal immigrants’ , ostensibly from Bangladesh. This movement has in turn sparked off violence against these ‘illegal immigrants’. But what is the history of borders between Assam and Bangladesh ? What is the source of this disconent? Watch our maps to see how ‘Assam’ changed over the years.

Assam in Historical Maps

Assam was ruled by various dynasties during the medieval period - the Pala, Koch, Kachari, and Chutiya. The Ahom kingdom established in the 13th century at the upper Assam plain gradually took control over the entire region. Although there was continuous warfare, the kingdom ruled for over 600 years until the 19th century.

The present day Bangladesh and Assam were part of the British India till 1947. Until the idea of border came in, people have moved across this region freely. The British promoted the migration from the Bengal region to Assam for labour in the tea gardens and later for cultivation in the Brahmaputra valley.

  • Bengal Presidency (1826):Assam was included as a part of the Bengal Presidency

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1874): Assam was separated from Bengal Presidency to for a new province. The Sylhet region of East Bengal is added to the Assam region.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1905): Bengal was partitioned and the East Bengal region was added to the existing Chief Commissioner's Province.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1911): Facing the backlash, the British revoke the the Bengal partition. Sylhet remains with Assam

  • Assam (1947): Assam post Independence. Sylhet joins Bangladesh. Present day Arunachal Pradesh is added to Assam in 1937

Detention Camps

Detention Camps are places where the Assamese who are Declared Foreigners are kept till they are deported. Currently 951 DFs are lodged in 6 detention centers operating out of makeshift facilities in local jails in Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Dhibrugarh, Tezpur, Silchar and Jorhat. These detainees do not possess the same rights as the convicted/charged inmates and aren’t allowed to parole, family visits, and working for a wage. Meanwhile, the government has sanctioned over Rs 40 crores to set up a Detention Camp at Dhakurbhita in Goalpara.

Jailed in Detention Camp despite being Pregnant with one child and Breastfeeding another

In an exclusive interview with Rashminara Begum, we find out how this young mother was dragged away to a detention camp even though she was pregnant with one child and breastfeeding another. She also shares intricate details of her case, the inhumane conditions that she faced in the detention camp and the extreme hardships that…...Read More

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25 inmates dead in Assam’s Detention Camps!

In a shocking revelation before the Assam state assembly, the state government has admitted that 25 people have died while incarcerated in the state’s six detention camps. The state claims they all died “due to illness”. We have accessed the list of people who have died and have discovered that Goalpara detention camp has proved…

असम के डिटेंशन कैंप में क़ैद 70 वर्ष की महिला शायद रिहाई तक जीवित न रह सके

जून 2019, CJP वरिष्ठ वकीलों और पत्रकारों के एक प्रतिनिधिमंडल के साथ असम में ज़मीनी हालात का जायज़ा लेने पहुंची। चिरांग जिले के बिजनी गाँव में, हमारी मुलाकात बिस्वनाथ दास से हुई, जिसकी 70 वर्षीय माँ, पारबती, कोकराझार के डिटेंशन कैंप में 2 साल 8 महीने से क़ैद हैं। हमने बिस्वनाथ को बताया कि सुप्रीम कोर्ट…

What RTI inquiries reveal about Assam’s Detention Camps

The Supreme Court-monitored updation of the the National Register of Citizens (NRC)[1] exercise, aimed at identifying illegal immigrants is being carried out in Assam. When the draft NRC was published on July 30, 2018, there was a huge controversy over the exclusion of 40.7 lakh people from it. The draft NRC which was prepared last…

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D Voter

D voters are people whose position as voters is doubtful owing to lack of their ability to produce proper citizenship credentials. The Election Commission started classifying citizens as D voter in 1997. The Border Police would refer suspected foreigners to Foreigners’ Tribunals following which there would be a trial where they would be required to prove that they are genuine citizens. So far 2,44,144 people had been marked as D Voters till December 31, 2017. 1,31,034 cases had been disposed off and 1,13,110 cases were still pending.

ASSAM ARCHIVE ON CITIZENSHIP

भला एक 8 साल का बच्चा ‘संदिग्ध वोटर’ कैसे हो सकता है ?

Tमोनुवर हुसैन, एक 8 साल का मेधावी छात्र है जो अभी दूसरी कक्षा में है और पढ़ना-लिखना, गिनती करना, यहाँ तक की सरल जोड़ना घटाना भी जानता है. मगर ऐसा प्रतीत हो रहा है कि असम का राज्य तंत्र मोनुवर को ‘विभाजन’ सिखाने में तुला हुआ है. जुलाई 2018 में मोनुवर का नाम डी-वोटर यानी ‘संदिग्ध वोटरों’ की सूची में पाया गया! जबकि अगले दस साल तक...Read More

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चाय वाले की माँ

आज देश भर के अखबार अक्सर एक चाय वाले के बारे में खबरें छापते हैं. कभी कभी उसी चाय वाले की वृद्ध माँ की भी तसवीरें छपतीं हैं. असम प्रदेश अपने चाय के बागानों के लिए विश्वप्रसिद्ध है. आज चलिए आपका परिचय करवाते हैं असम के एक चाय वाले की माँ से… एक ऐसी माँ…

भला एक 8 साल का बच्चा ‘संदिग्ध वोटर’ कैसे हो सकता है ?

मोनुवर हुसैन, एक 8 साल का मेधावी छात्र है जो अभी दूसरी कक्षा में है और पढ़ना-लिखना, गिनती करना, यहाँ तक की सरल जोड़ना घटाना भी जानता है. मगर ऐसा प्रतीत हो रहा है कि असम का राज्य तंत्र मोनुवर को ‘विभाजन’ सिखाने में तुला हुआ है. जुलाई 2018 में मोनुवर का नाम डी-वोटर यानी…

8 Year Old Declared D-Voter in Assam

The final draft of NRC was published today on July 30, 2018 and a number of people have been declared D voters. Monavar Hussain, an 8-year old boy is one among them – strangely, his parents are legal citizens.

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Foreigner Tribunals

Foreigners Tribunals are the quasi- judicial bodies responsible for hearing cases with respect to foreigners/non-citizens/D-voters under the Foreigners Act, 1946. When the Border Police find a person’s citizenship suspect, that person has to prove his nationality within 15 days, failing which the case is referred to the local Foreigner Regional Registration Office. The Office conducts its own enquiries and if not satisfied the case then gets transferred to the FT..

Assam man forced to prove Indian citizenship four times!

Even as Assam gets ready for a draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) that will be released on July 30, 2018, many people, whose cases are still pending before Foreigners’ Tribunals or the Gauhati High Court, will have to wait to have their names cleared before they can be added in the NRC. But as we discovered....Read More

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The Notorious Foreigners’ Tribunals of Assam

Assam’s dreaded Foreigners’ Tribunals (FTs) are back in focus after the Ministry of Home Affairs told the Parliament that over 1 million people have been declared foreigners in Assam by FTs so far! But what exactly are FTs and what do these tribunals do? Watch this video to find out.     Related: CJP in…

New MHA order setback for citizens’ rights in Assam?

On May 30, 2019, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issued an ‘Extraordinary Order’ via a Gazette which in effect appears not only grant powers to multiple authorities to make a reference to Foreigners’ Tribunals (FT), but also grants rather nebulous powers to FTs themselves.  FTs are quasi-judicial authorities that decide upon the question of…

35th Citizenship related Suicide in Assam!

The excruciating and soul-crushing process of updating the National Register of Citizens (NRC) and the long standing ‘D’ Voter vis-a-vis Foreigners Tribunal has taken not less than 35 lives until now. After Samsul Hoque of village Bagariguri under the Barpeta district took the extreme decision to take his own life on November 14, 2018, two…

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Declared Foreigner

A Declared Foreigner is a person who has failed to prove his citizenship before a Foreigners’ Tribunal. Names of suspected foreigners and D Voters are referred to FTs who then conduct a trial where the proceedee is required to not only produce documents to prove their citizenship, but also prove the authenticity of the documents. If they fail, the FT designates them Declared Foreigner (DF).

I’m not a smart man, but I know what prison is: Anjaan Musafir

In this edition of our series on how the idea of Indian citizenship is being made and unmade in Assam as the National Register of Citizens is being updated, we bring you the story of Anjaan Musafir*. He is a man who could be India’s answer to DB Cooper, given how he has successfully evaded authorities by...Read More

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I live on the streets and sleep under the stars: Anjaan Musafir 2.0

Last year, we brought you the story of Anjaan Musafir, a daily wage labourer from Guwahati who has been on the run for over 20 years after being served a D Voter notice. During our visit to Assam in June 2019, we met yet another man who fled his home fearing incarceration in one of Assam’s infamous…

असम के डिटेंशन कैंप में क़ैद 70 वर्ष की महिला शायद रिहाई तक जीवित न रह सके

जून 2019, CJP वरिष्ठ वकीलों और पत्रकारों के एक प्रतिनिधिमंडल के साथ असम में ज़मीनी हालात का जायज़ा लेने पहुंची। चिरांग जिले के बिजनी गाँव में, हमारी मुलाकात बिस्वनाथ दास से हुई, जिसकी 70 वर्षीय माँ, पारबती, कोकराझार के डिटेंशन कैंप में 2 साल 8 महीने से क़ैद हैं। हमने बिस्वनाथ को बताया कि सुप्रीम कोर्ट…

असम में FT ने 63959 लोगों की गैरमौजूदगी में उन्हें विदेशी घोषित किया

लोकसभा के समक्ष एक चौंका देने वाला खुलासे में गृह मंत्रालय ने यह स्वीकार किया है कि FT की सुनवाई में शामिल हुए बिना ही लगभग साठ हजार से अधिक लोगों को विदेशी घोषित किया गया है। गृह मंत्रालय ने काँग्रेस नेता शशि थरूर के छह सवालों का जवाब देते हुए यह बात कही। गृह मंत्रालय में राज्य…

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Judiciary on Assam

The Supreme Court is monitoring the NRC update process through the Registrar General of India. Over a period of time, the SC and Gauhati High Court have issued many orders on the NRC and citizenship issues. We present here a primer on how the judiciary has looked at the issue of citizenship and NRCs

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SC directs NRC authorities to ensure fair Claims and Objections hearings

Offering some relief to lakhs of people who have filed applications and are attending hearings as a part of the Claims and Objections process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the Supreme Court has directed the NRC authority to ensure that the people receive a fair hearing. On May 30, a bench led by…

SC offers Relief to Assam Detention Camp Inmates

In a huge relief for inmates of Assam’s infamous detention camps, the Supreme Court has directed that those who have spent more than three years in captivity be set free subject to certain conditions. This was during the course of hearing a petition on the state of detention camps in Assam. The SC has laid…

Gauhati HC Upholds NRC Coordinator’s order on siblings and family members of Declared Foreigners

Point of Discussion: The petition has been raised by an aggrieved brother of a Declared Foreigner and seeks to establish the unconstitutionality of such a notification in the light of S.2(3) and S.3(2) of the Schedule to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. Conclusion: The High Court upheld…

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Documents & Judgments

Browse through all NRC related documents here