ASSAM

Widespread suspicion about who is and isn't a citizen, heightened by the exclusion of over 4 million people from the National Register of Citizens 2018, is fueling a humanitarian crisis in Assam.

CJP’s response to NRC concerns about story on Muslim family attacked in Morigaon

On May 31, 2019, we had reported on how an indigenous Assamese Muslim family was attacked on May 29 when they went to attend a National Register of Citizens (NRC) process related claims and objections hearing in Morigaon district. CJP community volunteers had intervened and taken the injured to hospital. But on June 12, 2019,…...Read More

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CJP saves indigenous Assamese Muslim family attacked in Assam

In a shocking incident, an indigenous Muslim man was brutally attacked by a group of people just outside a center where hearings are held as a part of the Claims and Objections process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC). The women in his family were also harassed. CJP quickly stepped in to protect the…...Read More

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Citizenship in Assam:
A game of chance, of snakes and ladders


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NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951. The NRC update of 2014-2016 across Assam includes the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam on or before 24 March 1971.

The NRC (1951) and the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 together are collectively called Legacy data. It is being done with the compliance with section 3 and 6A of Citizenship Act of 1955; the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003 (amended in year 2009); Modalities and Standard Operating Procedure and Judgement Order of Supreme Court. Entire process is being monitored by Supreme Court.

Supreme Court in its order dated 25/10/2013 held the presence of D-Voters in the state doubtful and mentioned that these voters could be included only if the NRC is updated or the Foreigner's Tribunal declare them to be Indian Citizens.



Citizenship in Assam

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CJP Reaches Out

CJP reaches out to the people of Assam who are negotiating a labyrinth of citizenship related issues. Scores of our special volunteer motivators have spread out across many of Assam's districts and are helping people on ground with the claims and objections process. Additionally, we have also set up a round the clock toll free number to help people fill up the claim forms.

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Assam Map

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असम में मुस्लिम परिवार पर हुआ हमला, CJP ने की रक्षा

असम में NRC दावा – आपत्ति प्रक्रिया में शामिल होने वाले एक भारतीय असमी मुस्लिम परिवार पर सुनवाई केंद्र के बाहर कुछ लोगों द्वारा क्रूरतापूर्वक हमला किया गया। इतना ही नहीं, पीड़ित परिवार की महिलाओं तक को नहीं बक्शा गया। घटना स्थल पर मौजूद पुलिस कर्मियों ने जब कथित तौर पर कोई कार्रवाई नहीं की,…

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CJP in Action: Volunteers assist families during objection hearings

CJP Community Volunteers (CVs) and the District Volunteer Motivators (DVMs) are working round the clock to help people with the Claims and Objections hearings taking place in Assam in the last leg of the process before the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is published. The hearings began May 6 and as per the directions of…

CJP saves indigenous Assamese Muslim family attacked in Assam

In a shocking incident, an indigenous Muslim man was brutally attacked by a group of people just outside a center where hearings are held as a part of the Claims and Objections process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC). The women in his family were also harassed. CJP quickly stepped in to protect the…

EXCLUSIVE! People forced to file False NRC Objections in Assam

In several shocking instances of the abuse and subversion of the NRC process in Assam, it has come to light that people have been forced to file Objection applications against others whose names have appeared in the NRC.  We have copies of complaints filed by some such people from Kokrajhar district of Assam, who claim that…

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CJP LAUNCHES ITS NRC TOLL FREE NUMBER IN ASSAM

NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951 to maintain a record of citizens. The Assam Agitation held between 1979- 1985 demanded the expulsion of 'foreigners' from Assam. This led to the updating of the NRC. The NRC process is meant to officially include the issue of illegal immigrants, specifically from Bangladesh. The recent draft of the NRC left out 4 million people out of the total 32 million plus applicants.

Keep a track of the NRC numbers

32991384
+ Number of Applicants
28983677
+ In the NRC
4007707
+ Citizenship in question

Note: A Claims and Objections process beginning August 7 will lead to updates to the list

EXCLUSIVE figures of NRC exclusions (district wise)

CJP has EXCLUSIVE data of district wise NRC exclusions

EXCLUSIVE: India’s former President’s kin left out of NRC in Assam

Members of India’s fifth President FA Ahmed have been left out of the National Register of Citizens (NRC). Now questions are being raised about the insensate practices followed by the NRC authorities during the update process that failed to consider natural calamities like floods that affect Legacy...Read More

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संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने असम NRC मुद्दे पर भारत सरकार से पूछे कड़े प्रश्न

संयुक्त राष्ट्र के पांच अधिकारियों ने भारत सरकार को हाल ही में असम NRC के मुद्दे को लेकर पत्र लिखा है। इस पत्र में भारत सरकार से अपने पूर्व के दो पत्रों पर कोई प्रतिक्रिया न मिलने पर अधिकारियों ने खेद भी प्रकट किया है। संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने असम NRC की प्रक्रियाओं और उससे संबंधित…

असम में मुस्लिम परिवार पर हुआ हमला, CJP ने की रक्षा

असम में NRC दावा – आपत्ति प्रक्रिया में शामिल होने वाले एक भारतीय असमी मुस्लिम परिवार पर सुनवाई केंद्र के बाहर कुछ लोगों द्वारा क्रूरतापूर्वक हमला किया गया। इतना ही नहीं, पीड़ित परिवार की महिलाओं तक को नहीं बक्शा गया। घटना स्थल पर मौजूद पुलिस कर्मियों ने जब कथित तौर पर कोई कार्रवाई नहीं की,…

CJP in Action: Volunteers assist families during objection hearings

CJP Community Volunteers (CVs) and the District Volunteer Motivators (DVMs) are working round the clock to help people with the Claims and Objections hearings taking place in Assam in the last leg of the process before the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is published. The hearings began May 6 and as per the directions of…

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History

The genesis of the NRC is linked to the movement against ‘illegal immigrants’ , ostensibly from Bangladesh. This movement has in turn sparked off violence against these ‘illegal immigrants’. But what is the history of borders between Assam and Bangladesh ? What is the source of this disconent? Watch our maps to see how ‘Assam’ changed over the years.

Assam in Historical Maps

Assam was ruled by various dynasties during the medieval period - the Pala, Koch, Kachari, and Chutiya. The Ahom kingdom established in the 13th century at the upper Assam plain gradually took control over the entire region. Although there was continuous warfare, the kingdom ruled for over 600 years until the 19th century.

The present day Bangladesh and Assam were part of the British India till 1947. Until the idea of border came in, people have moved across this region freely. The British promoted the migration from the Bengal region to Assam for labour in the tea gardens and later for cultivation in the Brahmaputra valley.

  • Bengal Presidency (1826):Assam was included as a part of the Bengal Presidency

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1874): Assam was separated from Bengal Presidency to for a new province. The Sylhet region of East Bengal is added to the Assam region.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1905): Bengal was partitioned and the East Bengal region was added to the existing Chief Commissioner's Province.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1911): Facing the backlash, the British revoke the the Bengal partition. Sylhet remains with Assam

  • Assam (1947): Assam post Independence. Sylhet joins Bangladesh. Present day Arunachal Pradesh is added to Assam in 1937

Detention Camps

Detention Camps are places where the Assamese who are Declared Foreigners are kept till they are deported. Currently 951 DFs are lodged in 6 detention centers operating out of makeshift facilities in local jails in Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Dhibrugarh, Tezpur, Silchar and Jorhat. These detainees do not possess the same rights as the convicted/charged inmates and aren’t allowed to parole, family visits, and working for a wage. Meanwhile, the government has sanctioned over Rs 40 crores to set up a Detention Camp at Dhakurbhita in Goalpara.

Jailed in Detention Camp despite being Pregnant with one child and Breastfeeding another

In an exclusive interview with Rashminara Begum, we find out how this young mother was dragged away to a detention camp even though she was pregnant with one child and breastfeeding another. She also shares intricate details of her case, the inhumane conditions that she faced in the detention camp and the extreme hardships that…...Read More

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SC offers Relief to Assam Detention Camp Inmates

In a huge relief for inmates of Assam’s infamous detention camps, the Supreme Court has directed that those who have spent more than three years in captivity be set free subject to certain conditions. This was during the course of hearing a petition on the state of detention camps in Assam. The SC has laid…

Pregnant in a detention camp

Rashminara Begum was declared a ‘foreigner’, arrested and put in a detention camp in Assam, while she was three months pregnant. Inside, she faced horrific experiences. She is fighting a tedious and prolonged battle in the courts to prove her citizenship. She was recently in Mumbai to attend a CJP event on ‘women prisoners’.  …

Petition against Assam’s Detention Camps in SC

Human Rights activist Harsh Mander has moved Supreme Court siting the deplorable conditions of Assam’s Detention Camps. These camps are where people who have been declared foreigners by Foreigners’ Tribunals are lodged pending deportation or bail. Presently there are six detention camps operating out of makeshift facilities in local prisons in Dhibrugarh, Jorhat, Goalpara, Silchar,…

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D Voter

D voters are people whose position as voters is doubtful owing to lack of their ability to produce proper citizenship credentials. The Election Commission started classifying citizens as D voter in 1997. The Border Police would refer suspected foreigners to Foreigners’ Tribunals following which there would be a trial where they would be required to prove that they are genuine citizens. So far 2,44,144 people had been marked as D Voters till December 31, 2017. 1,31,034 cases had been disposed off and 1,13,110 cases were still pending.

भला एक 8 साल का बच्चा ‘संदिग्ध वोटर’ कैसे हो सकता है ?

Tमोनुवर हुसैन, एक 8 साल का मेधावी छात्र है जो अभी दूसरी कक्षा में है और पढ़ना-लिखना, गिनती करना, यहाँ तक की सरल जोड़ना घटाना भी जानता है. मगर ऐसा प्रतीत हो रहा है कि असम का राज्य तंत्र मोनुवर को ‘विभाजन’ सिखाने में तुला हुआ है. जुलाई 2018 में मोनुवर का नाम डी-वोटर यानी ‘संदिग्ध वोटरों’ की सूची में पाया गया! जबकि अगले दस साल तक...Read More

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चाय वाले की माँ

आज देश भर के अखबार अक्सर एक चाय वाले के बारे में खबरें छापते हैं. कभी कभी उसी चाय वाले की वृद्ध माँ की भी तसवीरें छपतीं हैं. असम प्रदेश अपने चाय के बागानों के लिए विश्वप्रसिद्ध है. आज चलिए आपका परिचय करवाते हैं असम के एक चाय वाले की माँ से… एक ऐसी माँ…

भला एक 8 साल का बच्चा ‘संदिग्ध वोटर’ कैसे हो सकता है ?

मोनुवर हुसैन, एक 8 साल का मेधावी छात्र है जो अभी दूसरी कक्षा में है और पढ़ना-लिखना, गिनती करना, यहाँ तक की सरल जोड़ना घटाना भी जानता है. मगर ऐसा प्रतीत हो रहा है कि असम का राज्य तंत्र मोनुवर को ‘विभाजन’ सिखाने में तुला हुआ है. जुलाई 2018 में मोनुवर का नाम डी-वोटर यानी…

8 Year Old Declared D-Voter in Assam

The final draft of NRC was published today on July 30, 2018 and a number of people have been declared D voters. Monavar Hussain, an 8-year old boy is one among them – strangely, his parents are legal citizens.

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Foreigner Tribunals

Foreigners Tribunals are the quasi- judicial bodies responsible for hearing cases with respect to foreigners/non-citizens/D-voters under the Foreigners Act, 1946. When the Border Police find a person’s citizenship suspect, that person has to prove his nationality within 15 days, failing which the case is referred to the local Foreigner Regional Registration Office. The Office conducts its own enquiries and if not satisfied the case then gets transferred to the FT..

Assam man forced to prove Indian citizenship four times!

Even as Assam gets ready for a draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) that will be released on July 30, 2018, many people, whose cases are still pending before Foreigners’ Tribunals or the Gauhati High Court, will have to wait to have their names cleared before they can be added in the NRC. But as we discovered....Read More

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New MHA order setback for citizens’ rights in Assam?

On May 30, 2019, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issued an ‘Extraordinary Order’ via a Gazette which in effect appears not only grant powers to multiple authorities to make a reference to Foreigners’ Tribunals (FT), but also grants rather nebulous powers to FTs themselves.  FTs are quasi-judicial authorities that decide upon the question of…

35th Citizenship related Suicide in Assam!

The excruciating and soul-crushing process of updating the National Register of Citizens (NRC) and the long standing ‘D’ Voter vis-a-vis Foreigners Tribunal has taken not less than 35 lives until now. After Samsul Hoque of village Bagariguri under the Barpeta district took the extreme decision to take his own life on November 14, 2018, two…

Assam Citizenship Crisis: Is Anyone Safe?

Ten kilometers away from Morigaon town, ten members of the family of a former Deputy Speaker of the Assam Legislative Assembly have been accused of being foreigners. Reports say almost all residents of this village have been served similar notices. They all now, stare at an uncertain future.

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Declared Foreigner

A Declared Foreigner is a person who has failed to prove his citizenship before a Foreigners’ Tribunal. Names of suspected foreigners and D Voters are referred to FTs who then conduct a trial where the proceedee is required to not only produce documents to prove their citizenship, but also prove the authenticity of the documents. If they fail, the FT designates them Declared Foreigner (DF).

I’m not a smart man, but I know what prison is: Anjaan Musafir

In this edition of our series on how the idea of Indian citizenship is being made and unmade in Assam as the National Register of Citizens is being updated, we bring you the story of Anjaan Musafir*. He is a man who could be India’s answer to DB Cooper, given how he has successfully evaded authorities by...Read More

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“They came late at night demanding our fingerprints”: Three Sisters of Tubuki

Something insidious is underway in Tubuki village in Kampur Tehsil of Assam’s Nagaon district. Border Police personnel are allegedly going to people’s homes late at night demanding fingerprints! Three women from this village have alleged that officers of the Border Police came to their homes after dark, asked them to provide fingerprints and left after…

Assam Woman languishing in Detention Camp set free by SC on Personal Bond

In a huge relief for Sofiya Khatun, a detainee at the Kokrajhar Detention Camp in Assam, the Supreme Court has now ordered her release on a Personal Release (PR) Bond. The 50 year old had been lodged in the camp after she was declared a foreigner by a Foreigners’ Tribunal in Barpeta in 2016. A…

Assam Village Imam declared ‘foreigner’ suspects Conspiracy to drive out Muslims

Abdul Kadir is the Imam of the mosque in his village. He is a much loved and highly respectable member of his community. People look up to him for his wisdom and good counsel. However, now both, he and his wife Hamida Khatoon have been declared foreigners by a Foreigner’s Tribunal. Moreover, all his children…

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Judiciary on Assam

The Supreme Court is monitoring the NRC update process through the Registrar General of India. Over a period of time, the SC and Gauhati High Court have issued many orders on the NRC and citizenship issues. We present here a primer on how the judiciary has looked at the issue of citizenship and NRCs

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SC directs NRC authorities to ensure fair Claims and Objections hearings

Offering some relief to lakhs of people who have filed applications and are attending hearings as a part of the Claims and Objections process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the Supreme Court has directed the NRC authority to ensure that the people receive a fair hearing. On May 30, a bench led by…

SC offers Relief to Assam Detention Camp Inmates

In a huge relief for inmates of Assam’s infamous detention camps, the Supreme Court has directed that those who have spent more than three years in captivity be set free subject to certain conditions. This was during the course of hearing a petition on the state of detention camps in Assam. The SC has laid…

Gauhati HC Upholds NRC Coordinator’s order on siblings and family members of Declared Foreigners

Point of Discussion: The petition has been raised by an aggrieved brother of a Declared Foreigner and seeks to establish the unconstitutionality of such a notification in the light of S.2(3) and S.3(2) of the Schedule to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. Conclusion: The High Court upheld…

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Documents & Judgments

Browse through all NRC related documents here