ASSAM

Widespread suspicion about who is and isn't a citizen, heightened by the exclusion of over 19 lakh people from the National Register of Citizens 2019, is fueling a humanitarian crisis in Assam.

Citizenship crisis death toll touches 107 in Assam!

Musa Mondal became the 107th casualty of the citizenship crisis in Assam when he allegedly handed himself on October 12, 2020, upon being declared foreigner. Modal hailed from Kayastha Para village that falls under the jurisdiction of the Sorbhog police station in Barpeta district.  In 2018, Musa, son of Voyage Mondal received a foreigner’s notice from…Read More

Read More |

Ailing septuagenarian being forced to appear before Assam FT!

In March this year, we had brought to you the story of Seje Bala Ghosh, the daughter of a freedom fighter, who was served a notice to appear before a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) in Assam despite her name appearing in the final National Register of Citizens (NRC). CJP had taken up her case, but now…Read More

Read More |

Citizenship in Assam:
A game of chance, of snakes and ladders


Click to know more

NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951. The NRC update of 2014-2016 across Assam includes the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam on or before 24 March 1971.

The NRC (1951) and the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971 together are collectively called Legacy data. It is being done with the compliance with section 3 and 6A of Citizenship Act of 1955; the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003 (amended in year 2009); Modalities and Standard Operating Procedure and Judgement Order of Supreme Court. Entire process is being monitored by Supreme Court.

Supreme Court in its order dated 25/10/2013 held the presence of D-Voters in the state doubtful and mentioned that these voters could be included only if the NRC is updated or the Foreigner's Tribunal declare them to be Indian Citizens.



Citizenship in Assam

Click on card to know more

CJP Reaches Out

CJP reaches out to the people of Assam who are negotiating a labyrinth of citizenship related issues. After the publication of the NRC over 500 CJP volunteers spread over 19 districts are going from village to village conducting workshops to spread awareness about how to go about defending their citizenship in Foreigners' Tribunals. CJP is also training paralegals to help people during these hearings before Foreigners' Tribunals.

Select District to Know Latest Updates

Assam Map

Select District :

Assam: Differently abled person’s family loses everything while fighting the citizenship crisis

Since 2014, Manikjan Nessa and her family have been fighting to prove the citizenship of her two sons, one of whom is physically challenged, despite having all necessary and valid documents. Watch this video to know more. Here’s how you can help: https://cjp.org.in/donate/ Related: CJP Impact: Four people released from Tezpur Detention Camp  CJP helps…

Read More |

DIVE IN

How CJP volunteer motivators are defying all odds in Assam

From floods to a global pandemic, CJP’s volunteer motivators are moving ahead fearlessly to help everyone fighting the citizenship crisis in Assam. Each one of us, is committed to fight for those battling this grave human rights crisis, in courts and beyond. Help us help Assam. Donate here: https://cjp.org.in/donateforassam/ Related: CJP Impact: Four people released…

CJP intervention helps resolve case of mistaken identity in Assam

In yet another example of how CJP has been helping defend the rights and freedoms of Indian citizens in Assam, a woman named Alekhjan Khatun was spared the harassment of defending her citizenship before a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) because of timely intervention by CJP’s Assam team. In the last week of September, 2020, a notice was…

Runaway youth declared ‘foreigner’ in Assam

A few years ago, when he was just a teenager, Amit, son of Arabinda Basu, fell into some bad company and took to alcohol. This enraged his father and one day when Arabainda caught Amit red-handed, the father beat up the son. This caused Amit to run away from home. It was only recently discovered…

Read On

Detention Camps

Detention Camps are places where the Assamese who are Declared Foreigners are kept till they are deported. Currently 951 DFs are lodged in 6 detention centers operating out of makeshift facilities in local jails in Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Dhibrugarh, Tezpur, Silchar and Jorhat. These detainees do not possess the same rights as the convicted/charged inmates and aren’t allowed to parole, family visits, and working for a wage. Meanwhile, the government has sanctioned over Rs 40 crores to set up a Detention Camp at Dhakurbhita in Goalpara.

How CJP helped 32 people walk out of Assam’s Detention Camps

So far, CJP has been able to secure the release of 32 inmates from 4 detention camps in Assam on conditional bail. This was in line with two judgments of the Supreme Court. In order to accomplish this task, CJP followed all legal and bureaucratic processes and procedures. But before we take you through the…Read More

Read More |

DIVE IN

CJP helps release man after 12 years behind bars in Assam

67-year old Jabed Ali walked out of the Kokrajhar Detention Camp in Assam on July 22, 2020, after spending a total of over 12 years in captivity, with CJP’s help. He is the 33rd person to be released from a detention camp due to CJP’s efforts. Watch this video to know his story. Related: Shocking!…

CJP helps Assam man walk free after 12 years behind bars!

67-year old Jabed Ali walked out of the Kokrajhar Detention Camp in Assam on July 22, 2020, after spending a total of over 12 years in captivity. He is the 33rd person to be released from a detention camp due to CJP’s efforts. This is his story. Jabed Ali, a daily-wage labourer, hails from Nilibari village that falls under the…

Mother of five reunites with children after two years: CJP Assam

Harbala Khatun was forced to spend over two years in a detention camp, away from her five sons, three of whom are minors, and her entire family. But with CJP’s help, she was released on conditional bail and stepped out of the Kokrajhar detention camp on June 24, and was once again united with them.…

Read On

NRC

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list containing names of Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the Census of 1951 to maintain a record of citizens. The Assam Agitation held between 1979- 1985 demanded the expulsion of 'foreigners' from Assam. This led to the updating of the NRC. 3.2 crore people submitted over 68 lakh documents and just over 19 lakh people were left out of the final NRC published on August 31, 2019.

Keep a track of the NRC numbers

33027661
+ Number of Applicants
31121004
+ In the NRC
1906657
+ Citizenship in question

EXCLUSIVE: India’s former President’s kin left out of NRC in Assam

Members of India’s fifth President FA Ahmed have been left out of the National Register of Citizens (NRC). Now questions are being raised about the insensate practices followed by the NRC authorities during the update process that failed to consider natural calamities like floods that affect Legacy...Read More

Read More |

DIVE IN

NRC-excluded Assam man flees home

The citizenship crisis has already claimed 107 lives in Assam. As impoverished and marginalised people face new struggles everyday, they end up taking extreme steps. Upon being devastated at the exclusion from the final NRC, Zabbar Ali fled home fearing the prospect of life behind bars in a Detention Camp while his wife and four…

How CJP volunteer motivators are defying all odds in Assam

From floods to a global pandemic, CJP’s volunteer motivators are moving ahead fearlessly to help everyone fighting the citizenship crisis in Assam. Each one of us, is committed to fight for those battling this grave human rights crisis, in courts and beyond. Help us help Assam. Donate here: https://cjp.org.in/donateforassam/ Related: CJP Impact: Four people released…

Will issue NRC Rejection Slips only after Covid-19 is brought under control: Hitesh Dev Sarma

On August 21, Hitesh Dev Sarma, the State Coordinator for the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam, had issued a notification directing all Deputy Commissioners and District Registrars of Citizens Registration (DRCR) to ensure laptops and internet availability for Circle Officers who are to begin the quality check of speaking orders from September 1,…

Read On

Foreigner Tribunals

Foreigners Tribunals are the quasi- judicial bodies responsible for hearing cases with respect to foreigners/non-citizens/D-voters under the Foreigners Act, 1946. There are three ways in which people end up before a Foreigners' Tribunal; the Election Commission marks them Doubtful Voter (D-Voter), the Border Police designates them Suspected Foreigner and refers them to a Foreigners' Tribunal, and now after being excluded from the NRC people are required to defend their Indian citizenship before a Foreigners' Tribunal.

Assam man forced to prove Indian citizenship four times!

Even as Assam gets ready for a draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) that will be released on July 30, 2018, many people, whose cases are still pending before Foreigners’ Tribunals or the Gauhati High Court, will have to wait to have their names cleared before they can be added in the NRC. But as we discovered....Read More

Read More |

DIVE IN

Ailing septuagenarian being forced to appear before Assam FT!

In March this year, we had brought to you the story of Seje Bala Ghosh, the daughter of a freedom fighter, who was served a notice to appear before a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) in Assam despite her name appearing in the final National Register of Citizens (NRC). CJP had taken up her case, but now…

CJP intervention helps resolve case of mistaken identity in Assam

In yet another example of how CJP has been helping defend the rights and freedoms of Indian citizens in Assam, a woman named Alekhjan Khatun was spared the harassment of defending her citizenship before a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) because of timely intervention by CJP’s Assam team. In the last week of September, 2020, a notice was…

Shocking! Flood-affected people sent ‘foreigner’ notice in Assam

In yet another example of institutional apathy for human suffering, five people from the flood-hit Dhalpur village in Darrang district of Assam have been sent notices to appear before a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) in Mangaldoi to defend their Indian citizenship. “The region is presently submerged under 7-8 feet of water forcing people to vacate their…

Read On

CJP's Toll Free Number

Until recently, CJP operated a toll free number in four different languages; Assamese, Bengali, English and Hindi, to counsel people across Assam. We received over 12000 calls from distressed people. After publication of the final NRC, the number has been discontinued.

1800 1020 138

Archive: District-wise Exclusion Data

CJP had accessed exclusive district-wise data of people left out of final draft NRC published on July 30, 2018

Declared Foreigner

A Declared Foreigner is a person who has failed to prove his citizenship before a Foreigners’ Tribunal. Names of suspected foreigners and D Voters are referred to FTs who then conduct a trial where the proceedee is required to not only produce documents to prove their citizenship, but also prove the authenticity of the documents. If they fail, the FT designates them Declared Foreigner (DF).

I’m not a smart man, but I know what prison is: Anjaan Musafir

In this edition of our series on how the idea of Indian citizenship is being made and unmade in Assam as the National Register of Citizens is being updated, we bring you the story of Anjaan Musafir*. He is a man who could be India’s answer to DB Cooper, given how he has successfully evaded authorities by...Read More

Read More |

DIVE IN

Excluded from NRC, Assam man flees, wife contemplates suicide!

When the final National Register of Citizens (NRC) was published on August 31, 2019, Zabbar Ali’s name was missing from it. A resident of Mazabar village in flood-prone the Char area alongside the Brahmaputra in Barpeta, Zabbar Ali was devastated at the exclusion from the coveted list. Ali’s father Jalil Uddin Sheikh’s name not only…

Citizenship crisis death toll touches 107 in Assam!

Musa Mondal became the 107th casualty of the citizenship crisis in Assam when he allegedly handed himself on October 12, 2020, upon being declared foreigner. Modal hailed from Kayastha Para village that falls under the jurisdiction of the Sorbhog police station in Barpeta district.  In 2018, Musa, son of Voyage Mondal received a foreigner’s notice from…

Runaway youth declared ‘foreigner’ in Assam

A few years ago, when he was just a teenager, Amit, son of Arabinda Basu, fell into some bad company and took to alcohol. This enraged his father and one day when Arabainda caught Amit red-handed, the father beat up the son. This caused Amit to run away from home. It was only recently discovered…

Read On

History

The genesis of the NRC is linked to the movement against ‘illegal immigrants’ , ostensibly from Bangladesh. This movement has in turn sparked off violence against these ‘illegal immigrants’. But what is the history of borders between Assam and Bangladesh ? What is the source of this disconent? Watch our maps to see how ‘Assam’ changed over the years.

Assam in Historical Maps

Assam was ruled by various dynasties during the medieval period - the Pala, Koch, Kachari, and Chutiya. The Ahom kingdom established in the 13th century at the upper Assam plain gradually took control over the entire region. Although there was continuous warfare, the kingdom ruled for over 600 years until the 19th century.

The present day Bangladesh and Assam were part of the British India till 1947. Until the idea of border came in, people have moved across this region freely. The British promoted the migration from the Bengal region to Assam for labour in the tea gardens and later for cultivation in the Brahmaputra valley.

  • Bengal Presidency (1826):Assam was included as a part of the Bengal Presidency

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1874): Assam was separated from Bengal Presidency to for a new province. The Sylhet region of East Bengal is added to the Assam region.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1905): Bengal was partitioned and the East Bengal region was added to the existing Chief Commissioner's Province.

  • Chief Commissioner's Province (1911): Facing the backlash, the British revoke the the Bengal partition. Sylhet remains with Assam

  • Assam (1947): Assam post Independence. Sylhet joins Bangladesh. Present day Arunachal Pradesh is added to Assam in 1937

D Voter

D voters are people whose position as voters is doubtful owing to lack of their ability to produce proper citizenship credentials. The Election Commission started classifying citizens as D voter in 1997. The Border Police would refer suspected foreigners to Foreigners’ Tribunals following which there would be a trial where they would be required to prove that they are genuine citizens. So far 2,44,144 people had been marked as D Voters till December 31, 2017. 1,31,034 cases had been disposed off and 1,13,110 cases were still pending.

ASSAM ARCHIVE ON CITIZENSHIP

भला एक 8 साल का बच्चा ‘संदिग्ध वोटर’ कैसे हो सकता है ?

Tमोनुवर हुसैन, एक 8 साल का मेधावी छात्र है जो अभी दूसरी कक्षा में है और पढ़ना-लिखना, गिनती करना, यहाँ तक की सरल जोड़ना घटाना भी जानता है. मगर ऐसा प्रतीत हो रहा है कि असम का राज्य तंत्र मोनुवर को ‘विभाजन’ सिखाने में तुला हुआ है. जुलाई 2018 में मोनुवर का नाम डी-वोटर यानी ‘संदिग्ध वोटरों’ की सूची में पाया गया! जबकि अगले दस साल तक...Read More

Read More |

DIVE IN

CJP Impact: Four people released from Tezpur Detention Camp

In yet another victory, CJP has been able to secure the release of three men and one woman from an Assam detention camp. The inmates were released on conditional bail in accordance with a Supreme Court order. Banesha Khatun, Banamali Das, Rajendra Das and Binod Das, had all been languishing behind bars for over two…

Another Bengali Hindu dies in an Assam Detention Camp

70 year old Amrit Das became the latest example of what some people in Assam are beginning to call a 3D death. He was first pronounced a D-Voter. Then a Foreigners’ Tribunal ruled that he was a Declared Foreigner and finally he died in a Detention Camp. This is the 43rd such death in the state.   A resident…

Yet another Mysterious Death in Assam Detention Camp

Jobbar Ali, a 61 year old man who had been languishing behind bars at the Detention Camp in Tezpur, was found dead on October 5. Now, his family, many of whom are themselves fighting allegations of being doubtful or D-Voters, suspect foul play in his death.   Ali lived with his wife Simon Nessa, two…

Read On

Judiciary on Assam

The Supreme Court is monitoring the NRC update process through the Registrar General of India. Over a period of time, the SC and Gauhati High Court have issued many orders on the NRC and citizenship issues. We present here a primer on how the judiciary has looked at the issue of citizenship and NRCs

DIVE IN

SC directs NRC authorities to ensure fair Claims and Objections hearings

Offering some relief to lakhs of people who have filed applications and are attending hearings as a part of the Claims and Objections process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the Supreme Court has directed the NRC authority to ensure that the people receive a fair hearing. On May 30, a bench led by…

SC offers Relief to Assam Detention Camp Inmates

In a huge relief for inmates of Assam’s infamous detention camps, the Supreme Court has directed that those who have spent more than three years in captivity be set free subject to certain conditions. This was during the course of hearing a petition on the state of detention camps in Assam. The SC has laid…

Gauhati HC Upholds NRC Coordinator’s order on siblings and family members of Declared Foreigners

Point of Discussion: The petition has been raised by an aggrieved brother of a Declared Foreigner and seeks to establish the unconstitutionality of such a notification in the light of S.2(3) and S.3(2) of the Schedule to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. Conclusion: The High Court upheld…

Read On

Documents & Judgments

Browse through all NRC related documents here