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Overview of the law pertaining to land and governance under the Fifth Schedule Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the UNDP

The United Nations Development Programme and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs collaborated to compile this report on law pertaining to Schedules Areas as covered under the Fifth Schedule. The Report has been divided into three parts. Part I covers the Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and its related provisions such as the criteria for…

Frequently Asked Questions on the Forest Rights Act, 2006 Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme

This document contains a categorised list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the Forest Rights Act, 2006. The document categorises FAQs into several sections, including titles like “Implementation Procedure of FRA”, “Applicability of FRA”, “Eligibility Criteria for FDSTs and OTFDs”, “Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups”, “Minor Forest Produce”, and “Conversion of Forest Villages and Unsurveyed Villages”.…

Compendium of Judgments on the Forest Rights Act, 2006 (June 15, 2016) Contains all judgments related to the FRA from 2007 to 2015

Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme, the Compendium contains a total of 648 judgments delivered by the Supreme Court, various High Courts, and the Central Information Commission. The Compendium can be accessed here: CJP stands with the millions of Adivasis whose lives and livelihoods are threatened…

Assam: The Curious Case of Phuljan Nessa Declared foreigner Phuljan Nessa’s name appeared in the final draft of the NRC. How did this happen?

Phuljan Nessa, resident of Samaguri in Nagaon district of Assam was declared a foreigner by the Foreigners Tribunal in October 2017, yet her name was included in the final draft of the NRC. NRC issued a clarification on their Facebook page without accepting the blunder. The Gauhati High Court, while entertaining a Writ petition against…

The High Level Committee’s Report on Socio-economic, Health and Educational Status of Tribal Communities of India (May 29, 2014) Committee headed by Prof. Virginius Xaxa

In August 2014, the Prime Minister’s Office constituted a High-Level Committee (HLC) with Prof. Virginius Xaxa as Chairperson. In its Terms of Reference (TOR), the Committee was mandated “to examine the socioeconomic, educational and health status of tribal communities and recommend appropriate interventional measures to improve the same”. The Report comprises thematic sections based on…

Expert Group Report on Development Challenges in Extremist Affected Areas (May 2006) The Planning Commission set up the 16-Member Expert Group on “Development Issues to deal with the causes of Discontent, Unrest and Extremism”.

The Group was established to investigate into the processes and causes which contributed to “continued tensions and alienation in the areas of unrest and discontent”, such as wide-spread displacement, forest issues, insecure tenancies and other forms of exploitation, identify causes for low social and human development indicators, suggest measures to upgrade the levels of governance…

Joint Committee Report on the Scheduled Tribes (Recognition Of Forest Rights) Bill, 2005 The Committee was formed by the Parliament to consider the provisions and possible ramifications of the 2005 Bill

The Scheduled Tribes (Recognition of Forest Rights) Bill, 2005 sought to recognise forest rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes (FDSTs) who have been occupying the land before October 25, 1980. This Bill did not recognise communities which depend on the forest for their survival and livelihood but don’t constitute forest dwellers or Scheduled Tribes. After…

Bombay Natural History Society vs. Union of India First Writ Petition filed against the Forest Rights Act, 2006 before the Supreme Court on January 1, 2008

The Bombay Natural History Society, the Wildlife Trust of India, the All Assam Tribal Youth League, and the Wildlife Society of Orissa filed a Writ Petition against challenging the validity of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (the FRA), particularly its Chapter II and III concerning forest rights…

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