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Compilation of Forest Rights Act, Rules, and Guidelines Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme

This document contains the Forest Rights Act, 2006 (FRA), Comprehensive Tribal Rules, and Guidelines on the implementation of the FRA. It also contains Annexures of forms to claim title for forest land under occupation, title to community forest rights and title to community forest resources, along with the format for furnishing quarterly reports. The document…

Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Area Act, 1996 (PESA) Enacted on December 24, 1996

The 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution provided for the three-tier Panchayat system under Part IX. Under the Amendment, Article 243M(4)(b) provided that the parliament may, by law, extend the provisions of the Panchayat system to the Scheduled Areas covered in Schedule V. The government established a High Level Committee under the chairmanship of Dilip…

Statistical Profile of Scheduled Tribes in India, 2013 Compiled by the Statistics Division of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs

The second edition in this series publication has been divided in nine sections: Section-1 covers population and the demographic distribution of Scheduled Tribes as per Census 2011. Section-2 enlists the status of education of the STs by looking at attainment and deprivation in areas of education of Scheduled Tribes. Section-3 shows the health and family…

Overview of the law pertaining to land and governance under the Fifth Schedule Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the UNDP

The United Nations Development Programme and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs collaborated to compile this report on law pertaining to Schedules Areas as covered under the Fifth Schedule. The Report has been divided into three parts. Part I covers the Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and its related provisions such as the criteria for…

Frequently Asked Questions on the Forest Rights Act, 2006 Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme

This document contains a categorised list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the Forest Rights Act, 2006. The document categorises FAQs into several sections, including titles like “Implementation Procedure of FRA”, “Applicability of FRA”, “Eligibility Criteria for FDSTs and OTFDs”, “Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups”, “Minor Forest Produce”, and “Conversion of Forest Villages and Unsurveyed Villages”.…

Compendium of Judgments on the Forest Rights Act, 2006 (June 15, 2016) Contains all judgments related to the FRA from 2007 to 2015

Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme, the Compendium contains a total of 648 judgments delivered by the Supreme Court, various High Courts, and the Central Information Commission. The Compendium can be accessed here: CJP stands with the millions of Adivasis whose lives and livelihoods are threatened…

Assam: The Curious Case of Phuljan Nessa Declared foreigner Phuljan Nessa’s name appeared in the final draft of the NRC. How did this happen?

Phuljan Nessa, resident of Samaguri in Nagaon district of Assam was declared a foreigner by the Foreigners Tribunal in October 2017, yet her name was included in the final draft of the NRC. NRC issued a clarification on their Facebook page without accepting the blunder. The Gauhati High Court, while entertaining a Writ petition against…

The High Level Committee’s Report on Socio-economic, Health and Educational Status of Tribal Communities of India (May 29, 2014) Committee headed by Prof. Virginius Xaxa

In August 2014, the Prime Minister’s Office constituted a High-Level Committee (HLC) with Prof. Virginius Xaxa as Chairperson. In its Terms of Reference (TOR), the Committee was mandated “to examine the socioeconomic, educational and health status of tribal communities and recommend appropriate interventional measures to improve the same”. The Report comprises thematic sections based on…

Expert Group Report on Development Challenges in Extremist Affected Areas (May 2006) The Planning Commission set up the 16-Member Expert Group on “Development Issues to deal with the causes of Discontent, Unrest and Extremism”.

The Group was established to investigate into the processes and causes which contributed to “continued tensions and alienation in the areas of unrest and discontent”, such as wide-spread displacement, forest issues, insecure tenancies and other forms of exploitation, identify causes for low social and human development indicators, suggest measures to upgrade the levels of governance…

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