Citizens for Justice and Peace

Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act

Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Area Act, 1996 (PESA) Enacted on December 24, 1996

The 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution provided for the three-tier Panchayat system under Part IX. Under the Amendment, Article 243M(4)(b) provided that the parliament may, by law, extend the provisions of the Panchayat system to the Scheduled Areas covered in Schedule V. The government established a High Level Committee under the chairmanship of Dilip…

Overview of the law pertaining to land and governance under the Fifth Schedule Compiled by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with the UNDP

The United Nations Development Programme and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs collaborated to compile this report on law pertaining to Schedules Areas as covered under the Fifth Schedule. The Report has been divided into three parts. Part I covers the Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and its related provisions such as the criteria for…

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