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Citizens for Justice and Peace

Eye on rights

New Zealand passes law providing paid leave to domestic violence survivors

New Zealand has passed a law providing for paid leave to survivors of domestic violence, the Thomson Reuters Foundation reported. The country’s parliament narrowly voted to pass the bill, 63 to 57. The law, which is set to go into force in April 2019, mandates that employers allow survivors up to ten days’ leave so…

New Cuban constitution sets up legalisation of gay marriage

Cuba’s National Assembly recently unanimously approved a new constitution that defines marriage as “the consensual union of two people regardless of gender,” the Guardian reported, saying that this paved the way for the legalisation of same-sex marriage in the country. There will be a referendum on the new constitution later in 2018. The current constitution…

Death of 10-year-old Somali girl triggers country’s first FGM prosecution

Somalia’s Attorney General, Ahmed Ali Dahir, has announced the country’s first prosecution over FGM, after a 10-year-old girl haemorrhaged to death after undergoing a traditional cutting in mid-July 2018, the Guardian reported. At a conference on female genital mutilation (FGM) in Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu, Dahir said that a team of ten investigators had been dispatched…

The Occupied Palestinian Territory has the world’s highest unemployment

According to a report released earlier this year, titled The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories, the unemployment in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) has increased to the highest in the world, at 27.4% in 2017, the International Labour Organization (ILO) reported. The unemployment rates for Palestinian women are nearing 50%, with the…

Not educating girls costs nations trillions: World Bank

A recently released World Bank report said that restricted educational opportunities for girls, and obstacles to finishing 12 years of education cost countries between $15 trillion and $30 trillion in lost lifetime productivity and earnings. According to the report, less than two-thirds of girls in low-income countries finish primary school, and just one in three…

Portugal’s parliament passes gender change law

Portugal’s parliament recently passed a law permitting citizens aged 16 and above to change their name and gender without requiring a medical report that indicates “identity disruption,” AFP reported. This makes Portugal “the sixth European country to grant the right to self-determination of transgender identity…without the guardianship of a third party and without a diagnosis…

Sudan: Teenager who killed husband who raped her appeals death penalty ruling

Lawyers for Noura Hussein, 19, have formally filed an appeal after Hussein was given the death sentence for killing her husband as he attempted to rape her, the Guardian reported last week. Hussein was forced to wed at age 16 to an older man selected by her father, but she escaped to her aunt’s house. However, after…

Norway approves ban on all child marriage

On Tuesday, May 22, the Norwegian parliament voted unanimously for a law banning all child marriage, the Thomson Reuters Foundation reported. Norway has a minimum age of 18, but permits those aged 16 and 17 to wed provided they have parental consent and permission from the county governor. A government spokeswoman said that very few people…

Gender discrimination led to “excess deaths” of girls in India: Study

According to a study recently published in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal Lancet Global Health, annually, there have been 2,39,000 “excess deaths” of girls under five in India. This translates to 2.4 million excess deaths every decade. Excess mortality is the difference between expected mortality rates and observed mortality rates for both genders. Researchers said…

30.6 million people were internally displaced in 2017

According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), in 2017, “there were 30.6 million new displacements associated with conflict and disasters across 143 countries and territories.” Conflict resulted in 11.8 million new internal displacements last year, while disasters resulted in 18.8 million internal displacements. Of the former, 7.9 million displacements were driven by armed conflict,…

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