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Citizens for Justice and Peace

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justice in the Naroda Patiya Massacre

The 2004 Best Bakery Judgement and Its Significance Zahira Habibullah Sheikh v/s State of Gujarat, Delivered by the Supreme Court of India, April 12, 2004

Out of the miseries of the Gujarat carnage of 2002, thanks to the courage of the survivors and the tenacious work of the CJP core legal team, has emerged path-breaking jurisprudence on state accountability, victimology and witness protection. Thirteen years after the Supreme Court (SC) delivered the famed Best Bakery verdict, this judgement remains among…

Homeless in their Backyard in Gujarat A study about the Internally Displaced Persons of 2002

The 2002 communal riots not only drove Muslims into new ghettos all over the state, they also reduced them to the status of second-class citizens who do not seem to exist for the government. This is the finding of a city-based NGO, Janvikas, which conducted a survey on the status of the minority community in the state after the…

What does it mean to be a Hindu? How the Supreme Court of India has defined Hindus

The term “Hindu” has been defined in the Constitution under Article 25(2)(b) Explanation II as “Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly” and the various codified Hindu Laws such as The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (HMA),…

Justice for the Incarcerated Tribals of Jharkand PIL against fake FIRs and false cases against Adivasis

The petition filed by Stan Swamy and others, after a detailed fact finding in Jharkand seeks to enforce the fundamental right to speedy trials of the ignorant and deprived members of the indigenous / downtrodden communities from the scheduled tribes and scheduled castes and other backward classes of Jharkhand facing trials in the courts. Over…

Najeeb, Rohith Vemula

Stop Violence against Mothers demanding Justice for their Children A Petition to NCW and NHRC

Indian mothers like Fatima Nafees and Radhika Vemula, who demanded justice for their missing and deceased sons and dared to ask tough questions, were rewarded for their persistence with police brutality and violence. These women are resilient, courageous and determined to find the truth. But all they get in return is apathy. Their stories are…

Amir Rizvi

Witness Protection A Pre-requisite to a Healthy Criminal Justice System

That the Indian Criminal Justice System suffers from multiple sores, affecting the deliverance of justice has been acknowledged by all. While large numbers of pending cases and delays are the simplest manifestations of this malaise, broken down, case by case, trial by trial there are four areas that need citizens attention and campaigns for reform.…

Leaving victims in the lurch

Victimology A necessary advancement in Human Rights jurisprudence

Victimology is a science which establishes a relationship between a victim and violators of law. It also deals with the rights of the victims in any criminal trial or proceedings and also with the rights of the accused. The concept of victimology emerged in the 20th century during the closing of the World War II,…

Torture

Ratify Convention Against Torture, Enact Prevention of Torture Bill, 2017: Law Commission

In a major victory for the human rights movement in the country, the Law Commission of India (headed by justice BS Chauhan) has recommended that the Indian government ratify the Convention Against Torture for ratification enact a Prevention of Torture Law. In its 273rd report submitted to the Law and Justice Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad…

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